Carex chordorrhiza

Ehrhart ex Linnaeus f.

Suppl. Pl., 414. 1782.

Common names: Carex à long rhizome
Illustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 299. Mentioned on page 255, 296, 303.

Culms bluntly trigonous, 5–35 cm, smooth or scabrous distally; vegetative stems ascending to erect when young, becoming prostrate stolons at maturity, elongating to 120 cm. Leaves: sheaths with fronts pale-brown at apex; ligules 0.6–6.2 mm; blades 0.4–3 mm wide. Inflorescences 5–16 × 4–12 mm; spikes ascending to spreading, ovoid to broadly ovoid, 4–8 × 2–5 mm. Pistillate scales brownish with green center and paler margins, ovate to broadly ovate. Staminate scales ovate, apex obtuse to acuminate. Perigynia dark-brown, 12–28-veined, 1.4–2.2 mm wide, apex erose to weakly bidentulate, glossy. Achenes silvery brown, smooth. 2n = 60.


Phenology: Fruiting late spring–summer.
Habitat: Fens, bogs, floating mats on lakeshores, emergent sedge marshes, usually in very wet sites, often in shallow water
Elevation: 0–1500 m

Distribution

V23 519-distribution-map.jpg

Greenland, St. Pierre and Miquelon, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Mich., Minn., Mont., N.H., N.Y., Oreg., Pa., Vt., Wis., Eurasia

Discussion

Easily overlooked, Carex chordorrhiza is uncommon and local in much of its range, especially in districts with predominantly acidic soils. However, it can form extensive stands and be a dominant species in some boreal wetlands. Oregon collections represent occurrences in commercial cranberry bogs and are presumably introductions.

The rhizomes are short and rarely collected; the leafy vegetative stems elongate dramatically as the season progresses. At first erect to ascending, the stems eventually lie flat and next season send out roots and shoots from the nodes. These horizontal stems typically become overgrown by moss or form networks in shallow water, thus appear to be rhizomes.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Carex chordorrhiza"
silvery brown +
biconvex +
only slightly smaller +
erose +  and weakly bidentulate +
A. A. Reznicek +  and Paul M. Catling +
Ehrhart ex Linnaeus f. +
shortened +
rounded +
Chordorrhizae +
emarginate +, serrulate +  and entire +
0 length of body;1/5 length of body +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
m--shaped +
0.4mm;3mm +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
Carex à long rhizome +
trigonous +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (35 cm350 mm <br />0.35 m <br />) +
Greenland +, St. Pierre and Miquelon +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, Vt. +, Wis. +  and Eurasia +
0–1500 m +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Fens, bogs, floating mats on lakeshores, emergent sedge marshes, usually in very wet sites, often in shallow water +
short-ovoid +  and capitate +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.62 cm6.2 mm <br />0.0062 m <br />) +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br /> (0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br />) +
Fruiting late spring–summer. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
Suppl. Pl., +
adventitious +
staminate +  and pistillate +
basal +  and proximal +
ovate;ovate;broadly ovate +
cylindric +
Illustrated +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
ascending +  and spreading +
ovoid;broadly ovoid +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
ascending;erect +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
deciduous +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex chordorrhiza +
Carex sect. Chordorrhizae +
species +
long-stoloniferous +  and short-rhizomatous +
plant +  and not cespitose +