Castilleja hispida var. acuta

(Pennell) Ownbey in C. L. Hitchcock et al.

Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N.W. 4: 309. 1959.

IllustratedEndemic
Basionyms: Castilleja hispida subsp. acuta Pennell Notul. Nat. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 74: 11. 1941
Synonyms: C. taedifera Pennell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 613. Mentioned on page 595, 612, 625, 643.

Leaves narrowly to broadly lanceolate, sometimes oblanceolate, 0–3 (–5) -lobed, apex acute to acuminate. Bracts distally red to orange, sometimes crimson, scarlet, orange-red, or red-orange, lobes or proximal ones at least becoming paler and/or duller with age, orange ones becoming yellow, red ones sometimes becoming pale-purple; lobes broadly linear to narrowly lanceolate, long, central lobe apex obtuse to rounded or truncate, sometimes emarginate, lateral ones acute to obtuse. Calyces 19–27 mm; lateral clefts 4.5–7 mm; lobes oblong, triangular, or linear, apex acute. Corollas 25–33 mm; abaxial lip 1–3 mm, 33% length of beak. 2n = 96.


Phenology: Flowering (Mar–)Apr–Sep.
Habitat: Sagebrush steppes, grassy slopes, dry open forests, ledges, talus.
Elevation: 500–2200 m.

Distribution

Idaho, Mont., Oreg., Wash.

Discussion

Variety acuta sporadically replaces var. hispida on the eastern slope of the Cascade Range and extends eastward from there to southwestern Montana and northeastern Oregon. Variety acuta hybridizes with Castilleja lutescens in Garfield County, Washington.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"medium" is not a number.

0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
red +  and orange +
Acute (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
(Pennell) Ownbey in C. L. Hitchcock et al. +
Castilleja hispida subsp. acuta +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
red-orange;orange-red;red-orange;orange-red;scarlet;crimson;distally red;orange +
3-5(-11)-lobed +, lanceolate +  and oblong ovate or obovate +
lateral +  and deeper +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
yellowish and 1/2 reddish +  and colored +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3.3 cm33 mm <br />0.033 m <br />) +
Idaho +, Mont. +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
500–2200 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Sagebrush steppes, grassy slopes, dry open forests, ledges, talus. +
much-branched +, unbranched +  and eglandular +
spreading +  and erect +
stipitate-glandular +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
purple-tinged +  and green +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
0-3(-5)-lobed;oblanceolate;lanceolate +
emarginate +  and truncate +
red ones sometimes becoming pale-purple +, orange ones becoming yellow +  and paler +
above mid lobes +, arising +, spreading +  and ascending +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
linear +, triangular +, oblong +, broadly linear +  and narrowly lanceolate +
subequal +
much narrower +
(0-)3-5(-7)-lobed +, flat +, involute +, wavy +, plane +, linear or +  and narrowly broadly lanceolate +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering (Mar–)Apr–Sep. +
red ones sometimes becoming pale-purple +, orange ones becoming yellow +  and paler +
Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N.W. +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
stipitate-glandular +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
ascending +  and erect +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
C. taedifera +
Castilleja hispida var. acuta +
Castilleja hispida +
variety +
shallow;deep +
reduced +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +