Gaylussacia baccata

(Wangenheim) K. Koch

Dendrologie 2(1): 93. 1872 ,.

Common names: Black huckleberry crackleberry
Endemic
Basionyms: Andromeda baccata Wangenheim Beytr. Teut. Forstwiss., 111, plate 30, fig. 69. 1787
Synonyms: Decachaena baccata (Wangenheim) Small Gaylussacia baccata var. glaucocarpa (B. L. Robinson) Mackenzie
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 534. Mentioned on page 531.

Plants 3–10 (–15) dm, forming small to extensive colonies; branches spreading; twigs of current season pale green, glabrous. Leaves: petiole 1–2 (–4) mm; blade pale green abaxially, green to yellowish green adaxially, ovate to oblong, (2–) 2.5–5 × 1–2.5 cm, membranous to subcoriaceous, base cuneate, margins entire, apex rounded to obtuse, surfaces glabrous, sometimes puberulent on major veins, sessile-glandular. Inflorescences drooping, 3–7-flowered, bracteate, 0.5–1.5 cm, glabrous; bracts early-deciduous, not leaflike (linear-lanceolate), 2–4 mm, shorter than pedicels, glabrous, sessile-glandular. Pedicels 3–6 mm, glabrous, sessile-glandular; bracteoles 1 (–2), 1–2 mm. Flowers: sepals 5, 0.7–1 mm, glabrous, sessile-glandular; petals 4–5, corolla orange to red, campanulate-conic, 4–5 mm, lobes 0.5–0.7 mm; filaments 2 mm, glabrous; anthers included, 2.2–2.5 mm, thecae divergent distally; ovary glabrous. Drupes juicy, sweet, glossy black (sometimes blue, rarely white), 6–7 mm diam., glabrous. Seeds ca. 2 mm. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering late spring.
Habitat: Sandy or rocky soil in deciduous, pine, or mixed woods, roadsides, pastures, and utility rights-of-way, wet, acidic bogs, fens
Elevation: 0-800 m

Distribution

V8 1041-distribution-map.gif

Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"entire" is not a number.

... more about "Gaylussacia baccata"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
Rounded (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
Bruce A. Sorrie +, Alan S. Weakley +  and Gordon C. Tucker +
(Wangenheim) K. Koch +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
cuneate +
Andromeda baccata +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
green +  and yellowish green +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
ovate;oblong +
membranous;subcoriaceous +
1cm;2.5cm +
early-deciduous +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
small +  and extensive +
Black huckleberry +  and crackleberry +
orange +  and red +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
0-800 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
flattened +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
ovoid;globose +
Sandy or rocky soil in deciduous, pine, or mixed woods, roadsides, pastures, and utility rights-of-way, wet, acidic bogs, fens +
bracteate +  and 3-7-flowered +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
deciduous +
0.5mm +  and 0.7mm +
reticulodromous +
hairy +  and glabrous +
revolute;plane;crenate;entire;revolute;plane;crenate;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
4 +  and 5 +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring. +
5-10-carpellate +
Dendrologie +
distinct +
ellipsoid +
deltate +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
procumbent +  and creeping +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
puberulent +  and glabrous +
Decachaena baccata +  and Gaylussacia baccata var. glaucocarpa +
Gaylussacia baccata +
Gaylussacia +
species +
papillose +
hairy +  and glabrous +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +