Gaylussacia nana

(A. Gray) Small

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24: 443. 1897 ,.

Common names: Dwarf dangleberry
Endemic
Basionyms: Gaylussacia frondosa var. nana A. Gray in A. Gray et al., Syn. Fl. N. Amer. ed. 2, 2: 396. 1886
Synonyms: Decachaena nana (A. Gray) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 534. Mentioned on page 531, 535.

Plants 2–6 (–10) dm, forming small to extensive colonies; branches erect; young twigs pale green, densely hairy (hairs relatively short, curled). Leaves: petiole 2–3 mm; blade glaucous abaxially, dull green to yellowish green adaxially, ovate to oblong, 2.5–4 × 1–2 cm, subcoriaceous, base cuneate, margins entire, apex rounded to obtuse, surfaces glabrous or sparsely short-hairy (longer hairs ca. 0.1 mm) and sessile-glandular abaxially. Inflorescences drooping, 2–4-flowered, sometimes flowers solitary, bracteate, 1–2.5 cm, glabrous or pilose; bracts early-deciduous, leaflike or not, 5–6 mm, shorter than pedicels, glabrous, sessile-glandular. Pedicels 8–15 (–20) mm, glabrous, sessile-glandular; bracteoles 1–2, 1–2.5 mm. Flowers: sepals 5, (glaucous), 1–1.2 mm, glabrous, sessile-glandular or not; petals 5, corolla greenish white, campanulate-conic, 3–5 mm, lobes deltate, ca. 1 mm; filaments 0.5–1 mm, ciliate; anthers included (tips barely exserted), 2.5 mm, thecae not divergent distally; ovary glabrous. Drupes juicy, sweet, dark blue, sometimes black, rarely white, glaucous, 5–8 mm diam., glabrous. Seeds 1.5 mm.


Phenology: Flowering late spring.
Habitat: Xeric to dry pine uplands and sand ridges, xeric to moist pine flatwoods and savannas, ecotones of seepage bogs and depressional wetlands, infrequently in wet soils
Elevation: 0-100 m

Distribution

V8 1043-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C.

Discussion

Gaylussacia nana is a coastal plain endemic; it is distinguished by the glabrate and glaucous abaxial faces of leaves and the relatively large, glaucous to glaucescent fruits. Recent field work and herbarium studies have extended its known range.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"entire" is not a number.

... more about "Gaylussacia nana"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (?) +
Rounded (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
Bruce A. Sorrie +, Alan S. Weakley +  and Gordon C. Tucker +
(A. Gray) Small +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
cuneate +
Gaylussacia frondosa var. nana +
green +  and yellowish green +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
ovate;oblong +
subcoriaceous +
1cm;2cm +
not +  and leaflike +
early-deciduous +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
small +  and extensive +
Dwarf dangleberry +
greenish white +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +  and S.C. +
white +, black +  and dark blue +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
glabrous +  and glaucous +
0-100 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
pilose +  and glabrous +
flattened +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
pilose +  and glabrous +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
ovoid;globose +
Xeric to dry pine uplands and sand ridges, xeric to moist pine flatwoods and savannas, ecotones of seepage bogs and depressional wetlands, infrequently in wet soils +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
deciduous +
deltate +
reticulodromous +
hairy +  and glabrous +
revolute;plane;crenate;entire;revolute;plane;crenate;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring. +
5-10-carpellate +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club +
distinct +
ellipsoid +
deltate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
procumbent +  and creeping +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
short-hairy +  and glabrous +
Decachaena nana +
Gaylussacia nana +
Gaylussacia +
species +
papillose +
pale green +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +