Grimmia plagiopodia

Hedwig

Sp. Musc. Frond., 78, plate 15, figs. 6–13. 1801,.

Synonyms: Grimmia brandegeei Austin
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 231. Mentioned on page 226, 232, 233.

Plants in dense cushions to hoary tufts, dark green to brown. Stems 0.3–0.5 (–1) cm. Leaves oblong-ovate, 1–1.7 × 0.4–0.8 mm, concave-keeled, awn 0.3–1 mm; basal juxtacostal laminal cells quadrate to short-rectangular, straight, thin-walled; basal marginal laminal cells quadrate to short-rectangular, straight, thin-walled; medial laminal cells quadrate to short-rectangular, slightly sinuose, slightly thick-walled; distal laminal cells 1-stratose, marginal cells 1–2-stratose. Sexual condition gonioautoicous. Seta sigmoid, 0.2–0.3 mm. Capsule usually present, exothecial cells thin-walled, annulus absent, operculum mammillate, peristome present, fully developed, perforated and split in distal half.


Habitat: Exposed calcareous sandstone, limestone, occasionally concrete, and glacio-lacustrine silt
Elevation: low to high elevations (50-2400 m)

Distribution

V27 313-distribution-map.gif

Greenland, Alta., B.C., N.W.T., Nunavut, Ont., Sask., Alaska, Calif., Colo., Idaho, Ill., Iowa, Minn., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.Mex., N.Dak., S.Dak., Utah, Wis., Wyo., South America, Eurasia, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Antarctic

Discussion

Grimmia plagiopodia has a widespread and continuous distribution on calcareous rock across the northern Great Plains, reaching as far east as Illinois. It is rare in eastern North America, with a disjunct site in southern Ontario. In the west it reaches into the mountains on limestone and basic sandstone deposits, but its continuous range does not extend west of a line from Utah to south-central British Columbia. There is a disjunct location near Carson City, Nevada and Lake Tahoe, California. In the Arctic it is known from a few scattered localities extending from northwestern Greenland and nearby Ellesmere Island to the North Slope of Alaska. Compared to G. anodon, G. plagiopodia tends to occupy more prairie-like sites and is typically found at lower elevations. Commonly fertile, it is recognized by its immersed, peristomate capsule on a sigmoid seta with fully-developed teeth that are perforated and split distally. Grimmia americana is similar but has a short, straight to arcuate seta and a large annulus. The other widespread species in the group, G. anodon, has an annulus and is gymnostomous.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Grimmia plagiopodia"
deciduous +  and persistent +
well-defined +
differentiated +
Roxanne I. Hastings +  and Henk C. Greven +
Hedwig +
only rarely longer +
not papillose +
toothed +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
sinuous +  and straight to sometimes +
sinuose-nodulose;quadrate;elongate +
oblate;elongate +
divided +
undifferentiated +
plicate +  and smooth +
less +  and 1/2 +
not papillose +
small;medium +
sulcate +  and smooth +
pendent +  and erect +
striate +  and smooth +
ventricose +
thin +  and thick +
thick-walled +  and thin-walled +
quadrate +  and rectangular +
excurrent;percurrent;excurrent +
subpercurrent +
reniform +, elliptical +  and terete +
usually not markedly larger +
Greenland +, Alta. +, B.C. +, N.W.T. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, Sask. +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Minn. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, N.Dak. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, South America +, Eurasia +, Pacific Islands (New Zealand) +  and Antarctic +
low to high elevations (50-2400 m) +
reproduction +  and asexual +
autoicous +  and sexual +
Exposed calcareous sandstone, limestone, occasionally concrete, and glacio-lacustrine silt +
papillose +, mammillose +  and smooth +
specialized +
dioicous +, autoicous +  and sexual +
1mm;1.7mm +
concave-keeled +  and oblong-ovate +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
1;multistratose +
recurved +  and incurved +
thick-walled +  and sinuose +
quadrate +  and short-rectangular +
thick-walled +  and sinuose +
thick-walled +  and sinuose +
mammillate +
not +  and enlarged +
not +  and differentiated +
lanceolate;linear +
Sp. Musc. Frond., +
straight +
papillose +  and smooth +
short to long +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
ornamented +  and smooth +
globose +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
3 +  and 4 +
muticous;long-awned +
Grimmia brandegeei +
Grimmia plagiopodia +
Grimmia subg. Grimmia +
species +