Honckenya peploides subsp. major

(Hooker) Hultén

Fl. Aleut. Isl., 171. 1937.

Basionym: Arenaria peploides var. major Hooker Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 102. 1831
Synonyms: Arenaria peploides subsp. major (Hooker) Calder & Roy L. Taylor Arenaria peploides var. maxima Fernald Arenaria peploides var. oblongifolia (Torrey & A. Gray) S. Watson Honckenya oblongifolia Honckenya peploides var. major (Hooker) Abrams
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 139.

Plants with few stems, slender, succulent. Stems prostrate to decumbent, not much-branched, 10–30 (–50) cm × 1–3 mm, internodes of main-stem 8–40 (–60) mm. Leaves: main-stem leaves widely spaced, conspicuously larger than those of lateral branches; blade elliptic-obovate to broadly elliptic or narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate, (10–) 20–46 × (5–) 10–20 mm, apex acute to apiculate. Pedicels (3–) 8–16 (–26) mm. Flowers: sepals ovate, 4–6 mm, apex apiculate. Capsules 5–8 × 5–10 mm, chartaceous. Seeds reddish to yellowish-brown, 2–4 mm, glossy. 2n = 48, 64, 66, 68.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–summer.
Habitat: Sea beaches, sandy flats, and dunes above high tide
Elevation: 0-10 m

Distribution

V5 285-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Alaska, Oreg., Wash., Asia (Japan), Asia (Korea), Asia (Russia)

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
68 +, 66 +, 64 +  and 48 +
subperigynous +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
Warren L. Wagner +
(Hooker) Hultén +
Arenaria peploides var. major +
Laciniate (?) +, Emarginate (?) +, Jagged (?) +, 2-fid (?) +  and Entire (?) +
obscurely +  and 1-veined +
narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate +  and elliptic +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4.6 cm46 mm <br />0.046 m <br />) +
elliptic-obovate to broadly +
10mm;20mm +
reduced +
herbaceous +  and scarious +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (?) +
ovoid;subglobose +
chartaceous +  and fleshy +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +  and 1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
1-6-flowered +
dish--shaped +
expanded +
B.C. +, Alaska +, Oreg. +, Wash. +, Asia (Japan) +, Asia (Korea) +  and Asia (Russia) +
0-10 m +
straight +  and curved +
central +  and peripheral +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
pistillate +  and staminate +
honey-scented +
inconspicuous +
, +  and unisexual +
branched +  and simple +
4-angled +  and terete +
stalked +  and simple +
Sea beaches, sandy flats, and dunes above high tide +
disc--shaped +  and dish +
leafy +  and open +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (4.6 cm46 mm <br />0.046 m <br />) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
connate +
membranous +
crenulate +
large +
swollen +
3 +  and 5 +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
subperigynous +
fugacious +
constricted +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring–summer. +
Fl. Aleut. Isl., +
rugulose +
compressed +  and obovate +
persistent +
distinct +
enlarged +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
reduced +
Illustrated +
not much-branched +
prostrate +  and decumbent +
10cm;30cm +
prostrate;ascending or erect +
prostrate to decumbent +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
1mm;3mm +
[30 +, 3 +  and 5 +
papillate +
distinct +
3 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
filiform +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Arenaria peploides subsp. major +, Arenaria peploides var. maxima +, Arenaria peploides var. oblongifolia +, Honckenya oblongifolia +  and Honckenya peploides var. major +
Honckenya peploides subsp. major +
Honckenya peploides +
subspecies +
divided +
10 +  and 8 +