Abies bracteata

(D. Don) Poiteau

Rev. Hort. sér. 2, 4: 7. 1845 - Bristlecon. fir.

EndemicConservation concern
Basionyms: Pinus bracteata D. Don Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 443. 1836
Synonyms: Abies venusta (Douglas) K. Koch
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Trees to 25 m; trunk to 1 m diam.; crown spirelike, narrow. Bark redbrown, thin, smooth, with age slightly fissured and broken into appressed scales. Branches diverging from trunk at right angles, the lower often drooping in age; twigs becoming purplish green or brown, glabrous, glaucous when young. Buds exposed, brown, ovate to fusiform, extremely large, not resinous, apex pointed; basal scales short, broad, equilaterally triangular, glabrous, not resinous, margins entire, apex sharp-pointed. Leaves 2.5–6cm × 3mm, 2-ranked to spiraled, stiff; cross-section flat, with raised vein abaxially, grooveless to faintly grooved adaxially; odor pungent; abaxial surface with 8–10 stomatal rows on each side of midrib; adaxial surface dark green, lacking stomates; apex sharply pointed; resin canals small, near margins and abaxial epidermal layer. Pollen cones at pollination yellow to yellow-green. Seed-cones ovoid, 7–10 × 4–5cm, pale purplish brown, borne on stout peduncles, apex round; scales ca. 1.5–2 × 2–2.5cm, glabrous; bracts exserted, not reflexed. Seeds 10 × 5mm, body deep redbrown; wing about as long as body, deep redbrown; cotyledons ca. 7.


Habitat: Dry, coastal coniferous forests
Elevation: 600–900m

Discussion

Abies bracteata grows in the Santa Lucia Mountains along the coast of California.

Of conservation concern.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Abies bracteata"
fissured +
fan--shaped +
Richard S. Hunt +
(D. Don) Poiteau +
twisted;sessile +
2-ranked +  and 1-ranked +
constricted +
broadened +
Pinus bracteata +
not reflexed +
drooping +  and diverging +
fertile +  and vegetative +
flattened +
not resinous +
large +
spirelike +
600–900m +
Dry, coastal coniferous forests +
less circular +  and broadly elliptic +
raised +, flush +  and prominent +
grooved +  and twisted +
2-ranked +  and spiraled +
persisting +
2.5cm;6cm +
usually notched +  and rounded +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
not winged +  and 2-winged +
yellow +  and yellow-green +
oblong-cylindric +  and ovate +
fibrous;woody +
arranged +  and overlapping +
flattened +
2cm;2.5cm +
grouped +  and solitary +
brown +  and pale purplish +
long-persistent +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
not falling +  and maturing +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (?) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (?) +
twisted +  and sessile +
2-ranked +  and 1-ranked +
constricted +
broadened +
reduced;well-defined short +
Endemic +  and Conservation concern +
Abies venusta +
Abies bracteata +
species +
decurrent +  and elongate +
brown +  and purplish green +
glaucous +  and glabrous +
fan--shaped +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (2,500 cm25,000 mm <br />25 m <br />) +
reduced +