Acaulon schimperianum

(Sullivant) Sullivant in W. S. Sullivant and C. L. Lesquereux

in W. S. Sullivant and C. L. Lesquereux, Musc. Bor.-Amer., sched. 8. 1857,.

Basionyms: Phascum schimperianum Sullivant in A. Gray, Manual ed. 2, 615. 1856
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 638.

Plants elliptic to globose, occasionally three-angled, 1–1.5 mm. Stem-leaves awned, broadly channeled; laminal cells papillose abaxially. Seta as long as the diameter of the capsule. Spores spheric, 35-40 µm, papillose.


Phenology: Capsules mature winter.
Habitat: Soil, dry washes
Elevation: low to moderate elevations

Distribution

Ariz., Ill., Iowa, Kans., Tex., Mexico (Nuevo León)

Discussion

Acaulon schimperianum is awned and the distal margins are more strongly dentate than those of the other species.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Acaulon schimperianum"
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.175 cm1.75 mm <br />0.00175 m <br />) +
of 1-2 rows +  and differentiated +
long-excurrent +  and short-excurrent +
appressed +  and weakly spreading +
Acute (?) +  and Ovate (?) +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br />) +
Richard H. Zander +
(Sullivant) Sullivant in W. S. Sullivant and C. L. Lesquereux +
rounded +
papillose +  and smooth +
not differentiated +
Phascum schimperianum +
lobed +  and mitrate +
cleistocarpous +
sexual +  and asexual +
vesiculose +  and thick-walled +
Few (?) +  and Several (?) +
elongate-rhomboid +  and elongate +
tomentose +  and bare +
rhomboid +, rarely +, hexagonal +  and subquadrate +
dentate +, entire +  and serrulate +
Ariz. +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Tex. +  and Mexico (Nuevo León) +
low to moderate elevations +
differentiated +
multicellular +
Soil, dry washes +
yellow +  and orange-red or red +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
concave;keeled;channeled;ovoid;lanceolate or lingulate +
spathulate +  and ovate +
reduced +
dentate +  and entire +
short-conic;short-rostrate +
photosynthetic +
flattened +  and 2-fid +
lateral +  and terminal +
lateral +  and terminal +
red +, orange +  and yellow +
consisting of 16 mostly 2 times cleft spiculose striate or papillose lanceolate teeth , , , , +  and rudimentary +
Capsules mature winter. +
1 (?) +, 3 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
rectangular +  and not differentiated +
not differentiated +
in W. S. Sullivant and C. L. Lesquereux, Musc. Bor.-Amer., sched. +
crum1965c +
straight +
elongate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br />) +
2 +  and 1 +
red +  and laminal +
spheric +
rounded-triangular +  and rounded-pentagonal +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
Acaulon schimperianum +
species +
ovoid;cylindric +
yellow distally and red +, orange +, red +  and yellow +
brown;reddish;yellowish-brown distally +
paroicous +, monoicous +  and dioicous +
3-angled +, elliptic +  and globose +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +