Adelia

Linnaeus

Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1285, 1298. 1759.

Common names: Wild lime
Etymology: Greek a-, not, and delos, evident, alluding to small, obscure flowers
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 181. Mentioned on page 157, 159, 160.

Shrubs [trees], unarmed or branchlets sometimes stiff and thorn-tipped, dioecious [monoecious], hairs unbranched; latex absent. Leaves deciduous, fascicled on short-shoots [alternate], simple; stipules present, deciduous; petiole present, glands absent; blade unlobed, margins entire [crenate], laminar glands absent; venation palmate at base and pinnate distally [pinnate]. Inflorescences unisexual [bisexual], axillary, fascicles [racemes] or flowers solitary; bracts subtending pistillate flowers minute, not enlarging in fruit; glands subtending each bract 0. Pedicels present. Staminate flowers: sepals [4–] 5, not petaloid, 2 [–5] mm, valvate, distinct; petals 0; nectary extrastaminal, annular [5 glands], adnate to calyx; stamens [6–-] 14–17 [–30], connate basally [distinct]; pistillode present [absent]. Pistillate flowers: sepals 5 (–6) [–7], distinct; petals 0; nectary annular; pistil (2–) 3 (–4) –carpellate; styles (2–) 3 (–4), distinct [connate basally], deeply multifid. Fruits capsules. Seeds subglobose; caruncle absent.

Distribution

Tex., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, tropical and subtropical regions

Discussion

Species 9 (1 in the flora).

Phylogenetic analyses of morphological and molecular data support Adelia as a monophyletic group sister to the Caribbean genera Lasiocroton Grisebach and Leucocroton Grisebach (De-Nova and V. Sosa 2007). Three principal lineages were recognized in Adelia: the first includes only A. cinerea (Wiggins & Rollins) A. Cervantes, V. W. Steinmann & Flores Olvera, a species endemic to Mexico; the second includes four Mexican species (including A. vaseyi); and the third comprises the remaining four species from the West Indies, Central America, and South America.

Lower Taxa

... more about "Adelia"
J. Arturo De-Nova +
Linnaeus +
unlobed +
Wild lime +
Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +  and tropical and subtropical regions +
Greek a-, not, and delos, evident, alluding to small, obscure flowers +
pistillate +  and staminate +
subtending +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
deciduous +
palmate +  and pinnate +
crenate +, repand +  and subentire +
extrastaminal +
connate;distinct +
(2-)3(-4)-carpellate +
Syst. Nat. ed. +
de-nova2007a +  and de-nova2007b +
subglobose +
not petaloid +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
distinct +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
distinct +
multifid +  and 2-fid +
not enlarging +  and minute +
Euphorbiaceae +
evergreen +, deciduous +, perennial +, biennial +  and annual +
dioecious +  and monoecious +