Adelia

Linnaeus

Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1285, 1298. 1759.

Common names: Wild lime
Etymology: Greek a-, not, and delos, evident, alluding to small, obscure flowers
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 181. Mentioned on page 157, 159, 160.
 TaxonIllustrator 
FNA12 P23 Adelia vaseyi.jpegTragia nepetifolia
Bernardia obovata
Adelia vaseyi
Barbara Alongi
Barbara Alongi
Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey

Shrubs [trees], unarmed or branchlets sometimes stiff and thorn-tipped, dioecious [monoecious], hairs unbranched; latex absent. Leaves deciduous, fascicled on short-shoots [alternate], simple; stipules present, deciduous; petiole present, glands absent; blade unlobed, margins entire [crenate], laminar glands absent; venation palmate at base and pinnate distally [pinnate]. Inflorescences unisexual [bisexual], axillary, fascicles [racemes] or flowers solitary; bracts subtending pistillate flowers minute, not enlarging in fruit; glands subtending each bract 0. Pedicels present. Staminate flowers: sepals [4–] 5, not petaloid, 2 [–5] mm, valvate, distinct; petals 0; nectary extrastaminal, annular [5 glands], adnate to calyx; stamens [6–-] 14–17 [–30], connate basally [distinct]; pistillode present [absent]. Pistillate flowers: sepals 5 (–6) [–7], distinct; petals 0; nectary annular; pistil (2–) 3 (–4) –carpellate; styles (2–) 3 (–4), distinct [connate basally], deeply multifid. Fruits capsules. Seeds subglobose; caruncle absent.

Distribution

Tex., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, tropical and subtropical regions

Discussion

Species 9 (1 in the flora).

Phylogenetic analyses of morphological and molecular data support Adelia as a monophyletic group sister to the Caribbean genera Lasiocroton Grisebach and Leucocroton Grisebach (De-Nova and V. Sosa 2007). Three principal lineages were recognized in Adelia: the first includes only A. cinerea (Wiggins & Rollins) A. Cervantes, V. W. Steinmann & Flores Olvera, a species endemic to Mexico; the second includes four Mexican species (including A. vaseyi); and the third comprises the remaining four species from the West Indies, Central America, and South America.

Lower Taxa

... more about "Adelia"
J. Arturo De-Nova +
Linnaeus +
unlobed +
Wild lime +
Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +  and tropical and subtropical regions +
Greek a-, not, and delos, evident, alluding to small, obscure flowers +
pistillate +  and staminate +
subtending +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
deciduous +
palmate +  and pinnate +
crenate +, repand +  and subentire +
extrastaminal +
connate;distinct +
(2-)3(-4)-carpellate +
Syst. Nat. ed. +
de-nova2007a +  and de-nova2007b +
subglobose +
not petaloid +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
distinct +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
distinct +
multifid +  and 2-fid +
not enlarging +  and minute +
Euphorbiaceae +
evergreen +, deciduous +, perennial +, biennial +  and annual +
dioecious +  and monoecious +