Agalinis densiflora

(Bentham) S. F. Blake

Rhodora 20: 71. 1918.

Common names: Osage false foxglove
Endemic
Basionyms: Gerardia densiflora Bentham Compan. Bot. Mag. 1: 206. 1836
Synonyms: Otophylla densiflora (Bentham) Small Tomanthera densiflora (Bentham) Pennell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 541. Mentioned on page 535.

Stems simple or branched, 15–82 cm; branches ascending, subterete, retrorsely short-sericeous and hispid. Leaves spreading-ascending; blade triangular-ovate, 16–35 x 10–45 mm, margins 2-pinnatifid with 1–3 pairs of lobes, pinnatifid distally, margins and midvein hispid, siliceous, adaxial surface scabrous or glabrous; axillary fascicles absent. Inflorescences spikelike racemes, dense, flowers 1 or 2 per node; bracts longer than pedicels, margins pinnatifid. Pedicels erect, 0.5–2 mm, scabridulous. Flowers: calyx campanulate, tube 4–7 mm, densely, finely scabridulous and hispid, lobes lanceolate, 7–11 mm, unequal; corolla pink to pale-pink, usually without 2 yellow lines and with red spots in abaxial throat, 18–33 mm, throat pilose externally and villous within at sinus and/or across bases of adaxial lobes, lobes: abaxial spreading, adaxial erect, 5.5–11 mm, abaxial sparsely pilose externally, adaxial shorter than abaxial, glabrous externally; proximal anthers parallel to filaments, distal oblique or perpendicular to filaments, pollen-sacs 1.5–3.8 mm; style exserted, 16–26 mm. Capsules ovoid-obovoid, 7–10 mm. Seeds dark-brown to black, 1.8–3 mm. 2n = 26.


Phenology: Flowering Aug–Sep.
Habitat: Prairies, grassy roadsides, pastures, well-drained calcareous soils.
Elevation: 100–900 m.

Discussion

Agalinis densiflora is distinguished from other species of the genus by the pinnatifid leaves, yellow color of the proximal, tubular portion of the corolla, and the asymmetric calyx. The adaxial wall of the calyx tube is flat, the abaxial wall is convex, and the filaments of the shorter pair of stamens are narrower than those of the longer filaments (as the filaments are in A. auriculata).

Agalinis densiflora is known from north-central Texas northward to northeastern Kansas.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Agalinis densiflora"
rounded +  and gibbous +
0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
glabrous +  and scabrous +
Judith M. Canne-Hilliker† +  and John F. Hays +
(Bentham) S. F. Blake +
Gerardia densiflora +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
triangular-ovate +
fleshy +, rigid +  and not leathery +
10mm;45mm +
hispid +  and short-sericeous +
subterete +
campanulate +
ovoid-obovoid +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Osage false foxglove +
bilabiate +  and symmetric +
red spots +, pink +  and pale-pink +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (3.3 cm33 mm <br />0.033 m <br />) +
Kans. +, Okla. +  and Tex. +
100–900 m. +
glabrate +  and lanate +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Prairies, grassy roadsides, pastures, well-drained calcareous soils. +
axillary +  and terminal +
alternate +, subopposite +  and opposite +
deciduous +
yellow;yellow;yellow +
lanceolate +
unequal +
pinnatifid +  and 2-pinnatifid +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
spikelike +
scabridulous +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Flowering Aug–Sep. +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.38 cm3.8 mm <br />0.0038 m <br />) +
perpendicular +, oblique +  and distal +
spikelike +
60 +  and 600 +
subequal +
branched +  and simple +
aerial +  and subterranean +
leaning +  and erect +
papillate +  and scabridulous +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (82 cm820 mm <br />0.82 m <br />) +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
Otophylla densiflora +  and Tomanthera densiflora +
Agalinis densiflora +
Agalinis +
species +
villous +  and pilose +
campanulate +
scabridulous +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
perennial +  and annual +