Agalinis laxa

Pennell

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 431. 1913.

Common names: Long-pedicelled false foxglove
IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Gerardia laxa (Pennell) Pennell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 546. Mentioned on page 537, 547.

Stems simple or branched, 20–100 cm; branches widely and laxly ascending, terete proximally, terete or bluntly angular-ridged distally, glabrous or scabridulous. Leaves spreading; blade filiform, (7–) 10–30 x 0.3–1 mm, not fleshy, margins entire, finely scabrous or nearly glabrous, adaxial surface finely scabrous or glabrate; axillary fascicles absent. Inflorescences racemose-paniculate, flowers 1 per node, some flowers pseudoterminal; bracts much shorter than pedicels. Pedicels widely spreading, 15–40 (–47) mm, glabrous. Flowers: calyx narrowly campanulate, tube 2.5–4 mm, glabrous, lobes deltate-subulate, 0.3–1 mm; corolla pale-pink to pink, with 2 yellow lines and red spots in abaxial throat, 8–16.5 mm, throat pilose externally and villous within across bases and sinus of adaxial lobes, lobes: abaxial spreading, adaxial reflexed-spreading, 2.7–6.4 (–7) mm, abaxial pilose externally, adaxial glabrous externally; proximal anthers parallel to filaments, distal perpendicular to filaments, pollen-sacs 1.3–2.8 mm; style exserted, 5–12 mm. Capsules globular-ovoid, 3.7–5 mm. Seeds black, 0.4–0.7 mm. 2n = 28.


Phenology: Flowering Sep–Oct.
Habitat: Dry to mesic pinelands, pine and oak savannas, sand hills, openings in saw palmetto flatwoods, sandy soils.
Elevation: 0–60 m.

Discussion

Agalinis laxa occurs in northeastern South Carolina and is expected to occur in southeastern North Carolina; it is most common near the coast in Georgia and northeastern Florida but is found sporadically on the coastal plain as far south as Hernando County, Florida. In the field, A. laxa is most easily confused with A. tenella; both have laxly spreading branches, widely spaced leaves, long pedicels subtended by much shorter bracts, and inflorescences with some pseudoterminal flowers. Agalinis laxa is most easily differentiated from A. tenella by pedicels to 40 mm in fruit, shorter and narrower corollas, straight corolla throats, pilose abaxial corolla lobes, and black seeds. Agalinis tenella has larger gibbous corollas, glabrous abaxial corolla lobes, and golden yellow seeds.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Agalinis laxa"
rounded +  and gibbous +
0.64 cm6.4 mm <br />0.0064 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
reflexed-spreading +
0.27 cm2.7 mm <br />0.0027 m <br /> (0.64 cm6.4 mm <br />0.0064 m <br />) +
glabrate +  and scabrous +
Judith M. Canne-Hilliker† +  and John F. Hays +
Pennell +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
filiform +
not fleshy +
0.3mm;1mm +
scabridulous +
angular-ridged +  and terete +
campanulate +
globular-ovoid +
0.37 cm3.7 mm <br />0.0037 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Long-pedicelled false foxglove +
bilabiate +  and symmetric +
red spots +, pale-pink +  and pink +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.65 cm16.5 mm <br />0.0165 m <br />) +
Fla. +, Ga. +  and S.C. +
0–60 m. +
glabrate +  and lanate +
pseudoterminal +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Dry to mesic pinelands, pine and oak savannas, sand hills, openings in saw palmetto flatwoods, sandy soils. +
racemose-paniculate +
axillary +  and terminal +
alternate +, subopposite +  and opposite +
deciduous +
yellow;yellow;yellow +
deltate-subulate +
glabrous +  and scabrous +
2-pinnatifid +, pinnatifid +  and cleft +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
spikelike +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (4.7 cm47 mm <br />0.047 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Flowering Sep–Oct. +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club +
spikelike +
60 +  and 600 +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
subequal +
branched +  and simple +
aerial +  and subterranean +
leaning +  and erect +
papillate +  and scabridulous +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Gerardia laxa +
Agalinis laxa +
Agalinis +
species +
villous +  and pilose +
campanulate +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
perennial +  and annual +