Agalinis maritima

(Rafinesque) Rafinesque

New Fl. 2: 62. 1837.

Common names: Saltmarsh false foxglove
Basionyms: Gerardia maritima Rafinesque Med. Repos., hexade 2, 5: 361. 1808
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 547. Mentioned on page 536.

Stems erect, elongate main-stem overtopping lateral branches, simple or branched, 5–75 cm; branches spreading-ascending to upward arching, terete, ridged proximally, obtusely quadrangular, ridged distally, moreorless fleshy, glabrous. Leaves spreading; blade linear to linear-elliptic, 10–40 x 0.5–3.5 mm, fleshy, wrinkled when dry, margins entire, adaxial surface with sessile, dome-shaped hairs; axillary fascicles absent or shorter than subtending leaves. Inflorescences racemes, elongate, flowers 2 per node, distal nodes usually widely spaced; bracts both longer and shorter than, or longer than, pedicels. Pedicels spreading-ascending, 2.5–11 mm, glabrous, moreorless fleshy. Flowers: calyx obconic to hemispheric, tube 2–5 mm, glabrous, lobes deltate, 0.7–2 mm, fleshy; corolla pink to rosy pink, with 2 yellow lines and red spots in abaxial throat, 7.5–21 mm, throat pilose externally and villous, glabrate, or glabrous within across bases and sinus of adaxial lobes, lobes: abaxial spreading, adaxial reflexed, 2.5–6 mm, abaxial pilose externally, adaxial glabrous externally; proximal anthers parallel to filaments, distal parallel or perpendicular to filaments, pollen-sacs 1.2–2.3 mm; style included or exserted, 6–13 mm. Capsules globular, 5–7 mm. Seeds dark-brown, 0.6–1.6 mm. 2n = 28.

Distribution

N.S., Ala., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., La., Maine, Mass., Md., Miss., N.C., N.H., N.Y., R.I., S.C., Tex., Va., Mexico, West Indies

Discussion

Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).

Some mixing of characters between varieties occurs along the coasts of Virginia and northern North Carolina.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Calyx lobes erect, apices truncate or acute; filaments glabrous or glabrate; corolla throats glabrous or glabrate within across bases and sinus of adaxial lobes, or sparsely villous within at lateral-lobe sinuses. Agalinis maritima var. maritima
1 Calyx lobes divergent, apices obtuse to acute; filaments lanate; corolla throats villous within across bases and sinus of adaxial lobes. Agalinis maritima var. grandiflora
... more about "Agalinis maritima"
rounded +  and gibbous +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Judith M. Canne-Hilliker† +  and John F. Hays +
(Rafinesque) Rafinesque +
Gerardia maritima +
linear +  and linear-elliptic +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
wrinkled +
0.5mm;3.5mm +
spreading-ascending +
ridged +, quadrangular +  and terete +
obconic +  and hemispheric +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Saltmarsh false foxglove +
bilabiate +  and symmetric +
red spots +, pink +  and rosy pink +
0.75 cm7.5 mm <br />0.0075 m <br /> (2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br />) +
N.S. +, Ala. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Md. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Mexico +  and West Indies +
glabrate +  and lanate +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
dome--shaped +
axillary +  and terminal +
alternate +, subopposite +  and opposite +
deciduous +
yellow;yellow;yellow +
deltate +
branched +  and simple +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (75 cm750 mm <br />0.75 m <br />) +
2-pinnatifid +, pinnatifid +  and cleft +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
spikelike +
spreading-ascending +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
spikelike +
60 +  and 600 +
subequal +
aerial +  and subterranean +
papillate +  and scabridulous +
exserted +  and included +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
Tomanthera +
Agalinis maritima +
Agalinis +
species +
glabrous +, glabrate +, villous +  and pilose +
campanulate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
perennial +  and annual +