Agave parryi subsp. neomexicana

(Wooton & Standley) B. Ullrich

Sida 15: 259. 1992.

Common names: New Mexico agave
Endemic
Basionyms: Agave neomexicana Wooton & Standley Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 16: 115, plate 48. 1913
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 457. Mentioned on page 450, 456, 458.

Rosettes flat-topped, 3.5–4.5 × 4–6 dm. Leaves ascending, 17–45 × 4–12 cm; blade lanceolate; margins straight, teeth 5–7 mm, 1–3 cm apart; apical spine dark-brown, subulate or acicular, 2.5–3 cm. Scape (2–) 3–4.5 m. Inflorescences: lateral branches (7–) 10–17, slightly ascending. Flowers 5.5–6.7 cm; perianth red to orange in bud, yellow to yellowish green at anthesis, tube 12–18 mm, limb lobes erect to ascending, 15–20 × 3–4 mm; filaments inserted (sometimes irregularly) above mid perianth-tube, green, 3.5–4.5 cm; ovary neck 4–7 mm. Capsules oblong, 2.5–3.5 cm. 2n = 120.


Phenology: Flowering mid spring–early summer.
Habitat: Gravelly to rocky places in grasslands and desert scrub
Elevation: 1600–2100 m

Discussion

The Mescalero Apaches were so named because of their use of Agave parryi subsp. neomexicana. The rosettes were baked to produce a sweet, sticky food source. Overuse probably accounts in part for the limited distribution and infrequent occurrence of the species. H. S. Gentry (1982) suggested “the extensive stands of agaves along the eastern bajada of the Sierra Guadalupe” in New Mexico and Texas today may have been “a tribal no-man’s-land” between the warring Comanche and Apache peoples. E. B. Granick (1944) reported the plant as “tetraploid” without actually providing a chromosome number.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broadened" is not a number."dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

longitudinal +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (3.4 cm34 mm <br />0.034 m <br />) +
width +  and length +
glandular-pubescent +  and glandular +
papillate +
acicular +  and subulate +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
James L. Reveal +  and Wendy C. Hodgson +
(Wooton & Standley) B. Ullrich +
Agave neomexicana +
armed +  and filiferous +
not cross-zoned +, glaucous-gray +  and light green +
lanceolate +
short to long +
thick +  and thin +
persistent +
reflexed +, erect +  and ascending +
triangular +
umbel-like +
short-pedicellate +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
New Mexico agave +
fibrous-rooted +
N.Mex. +  and Tex. +
1600–2100 m +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
recurved +  and erect +
5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br /> (6.7 cm67 mm <br />0.067 m <br />) +
loculicidal +
oblong +  and ovoid +
Gravelly to rocky places in grasslands and desert scrub +
not bulbiferous +  and open +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (?) +
pseudopetiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
evergreen +
17cm;45cm +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
erect +  and ascending +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
dentate +, serrulate +  and entire +
undulate +
Fleshy (?) +, Firm (?) +  and Rigid (?) +
constricted +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (?) +
4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br /> (4.8 cm48 mm <br />0.048 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
cylindrical +, ovoid +  and 3-angled +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +  and 4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br /> (?) +
succulent +
not +  and articulate +
umbel-like +
semisucculent +
Flowering mid spring–early summer. +
cespitose +  and solitary +
flat-topped +
200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br /> (300 cm3,000 mm <br />3 m <br />) +
300 cm3,000 mm <br />3 m <br /> (450 cm4,500 mm <br />4.5 m <br />) +
globose +, obovoid +  and flattened +
semiwoody +
long-exserted +
branched +, , +  and unbranched +
aboveground +
3 +  and 1 +
papillate +
exserted +  and included +
subulate +
Agave parryi subsp. neomexicana +
Agave parryi +
subspecies +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
campanulate +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
11mm;21mm +
plant +  and suckering +
polycarpic +  and monocarpic +
small;gigantic +
petal-like +