Agoseris glauca var. dasycephala

(Torrey & A. Gray) Jepson

Man. Fl. Pl. Calif., 1005. 1925.

Common names: Arctic agoseris
IllustratedEndemic
Basionym: Troximon glaucum var. dasycephalum Torrey & A. Gray Fl. N. Amer. 2: 490. 1843
Synonyms: Agoseris altissima Rydberg Agoseris aspera (Rydberg) Rydberg Agoseris eisenhoweri B. Boivin Agoseris glauca subsp. aspera (Rydberg) Piper Agoseris glauca var. aspera (Rydberg) Cronquist Agoseris glauca var. pumila (Nuttall) Garrett Agoseris glauca subsp. scorzonerifolia (Schrader) Piper Agoseris glauca var. villosa (Rydberg) G. L. Wittrock Agoseris isomeris (Nuttall) Rydberg Agoseris lanulosa (Schrader) Greene Agoseris leontodon var. aspera Rydberg Agoseris leontodon var. pygmaea Rydberg Agoseris maculata Rydberg Agoseris pubescens Agoseris pumila Agoseris scorzonerifolia Agoseris turbinata Agoseris vestita Agoseris villosa
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 326. Mentioned on page 327, 328, 329, 334.

Leaf-blades: margins often undulate, usually entire, sometimes lobed, faces usually puberulent to densely villous, sometimes glabrous, rarely glaucous. Peduncles usually apically villous to lanate (glabrous in one phase), sometimes ± stipitate-glandular. Involucres obconic to hemispheric. Phyllaries often medially rosy purple and usually with some combination of purple-black spots, speckles, midstripes, or tips, rarely all green, margins ± undulate or reflexed, often hairy, faces usually villous to hirsuto-tomentose, sometimes glabrous, mostly stipitate-glandular; outer erect or spreading, usually adaxially villous, sometimes glabrous. Receptacles usually ± paleate. Cypselae usually glabrous, sometimes scabrous distally. 2n = 36.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Aug.
Habitat: Moist to dry habitats, alpine meadows, montane forests, northern prairies, arctic tundra, in gravelly, rocky, and other coarse-textured soils
Elevation: 100–3600 m

Distribution

V19-496-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.W.T., Sask., Yukon, Colo., Idaho, Mont., N.Dak., Oreg., S.Dak., Utah, Wash., Wyo.

Discussion

Variety dasycephala occurs primarily at high elevations in the western cordillera, extending eastward onto the northern prairies, and disjunctively in the Canadian arctic (Caribou Hills). It is more readily distinguished from var. glauca southward, where the two varieties are ± elevationally separated. Difficulty in separating them occurs northward, where they are nearer each other and pockets of complete introgression occur, e.g., southeastern British Columbia and southwestern Alberta. Hybrids with Agoseris aurantiaca and A. parviflora also occur.

Variety dasycephala contains regional phases that exhibit a step-clinal distribution. The large number of synonyms reflects the variation. As circumscribed here, var. dasycephala encompasses most of what has been called Agoseris glauca var. agrestis (see discussion under var. glauca).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"fine" is not a number."elongating" is not a number.

0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
hirsuto-villous +  and glabrous +
scarious +
ovate +  and lanceolate +
corymbiform +  and paniculiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Gary I. Baird +
(Torrey & A. Gray) Jepson +
decurrent +
Troximon glaucum var. dasycephalum +
0-1/2 times bodies +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
compound +  and simple +
lanceolate;oblanceolate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (46 cm460 mm <br />0.46 m <br />) +
tuberculate +, rugose +, muricate +  and smooth +
tapered;fusiform;narrowly conic +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
filiform +
2 (?) +  and 6 (?) +
acute +, linear-lanceolate +  and cuneate-oblanceolate +
Arctic agoseris +
pistillate +  and staminate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
papillate +
tapered +, beaked +, flattened +, obcompressed +, compressed +, prismatic +, fusiform +, ellipsoid +, columnar +  and clavate +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.W.T. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, N.Dak. +, Oreg. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Wash. +  and Wyo. +
100–3600 m +
stipitate-glandular +, glabrous +, usually villous +  and hirsuto-tomentose +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Moist to dry habitats, alpine meadows, montane forests, northern prairies, arctic tundra, in gravelly, rocky, and other coarse-textured soils +
indeterminate +
each +  and sessile +
pistillate +  and staminate +
obconic;hemispheric +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
sessile +  and petiolate +
cauline +  and basal +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
lanceolate +
undulate +  and lobed +
spreading +  and erect +
glabrous +  and villous +
2-carpellate +
pistillate +  and staminate +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +, usually apically villous +  and lanate +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
Flowering Jul–Aug. +
connate +  and distinct +
subequal +  and unequal +
Man. Fl. Pl. Calif., +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
flat;convex +
scabrous +  and glabrous +
flattened +  and ridged +
exalbuminous +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
prostrate +  and ascending +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +
Agoseris altissima +, Agoseris aspera +, Agoseris eisenhoweri +, Agoseris glauca subsp. aspera +, Agoseris glauca var. aspera +, Agoseris glauca var. pumila +, Agoseris glauca subsp. scorzonerifolia +, Agoseris glauca var. villosa +, Agoseris isomeris +, Agoseris lanulosa +, Agoseris leontodon var. aspera +, Agoseris leontodon var. pygmaea +, Agoseris maculata +, Agoseris pubescens +, Agoseris pumila +, Agoseris scorzonerifolia +, Agoseris turbinata +, Agoseris vestita +  and Agoseris villosa +
Agoseris glauca var. dasycephala +
Agoseris glauca +
variety +
subequal +  and unequal +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
perennial +, biennial +  and annual +