Allium falcifolium

Hooker & Arnott

Bot. Beechey Voy., 400. 1841.

IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Allium breweri S. Watson Allium falcifolium var. breweri (S. Watson) M. E. Jones
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 275. Mentioned on page 233, 274.

Bulbs 1–5+, not clustered on stout primary rhizomes, rhizomes absent, increase bulbs absent or ± equaling parent bulbs, never appearing as basal cluster, ovoid, 1.5–2.5 × 1–1.8 cm; outer coats enclosing renewal and increase bulbs, brown to reddish-brown, membranous, lacking cellular reticulation or cells arranged in only 2–3 rows distal to roots, ± quadrate, without fibers; inner coats white or pink, cells obscure, ± quadrate. Leaves usually deciduous with scape, withering from tip at anthesis, 2, basally sheathing, sheaths not extending much above soil surface; blade solid, flat, falcate, 8–21 cm × 2–8 mm, margins entire. Scape usually forming abcission layer and deciduous with leaves after seeds mature, frequently breaking at this level after pressing, solitary, erect, solid, strongly flattened, winged distally, 5–25 cm × 1–4 mm. Umbel persistent, erect, compact to ± loose, 10–30-flowered, hemispheric, bulbils unknown; spathe bracts persistent, 2, 6–9-veined, lanceolate, ± equal, apex acuminate. Flowers conic to campanulate, 9–15 mm; tepals erect, reddish purple or dingy white, lanceolate, ± equal, rigid and membranous in fruit, at least inner margins denticulate with minute glands, apex long-acuminate; stamens included; anthers purple or yellow; pollen yellow or white; ovary crested; processes 3, central, low, rounded, broad, margins entire; style linear, equaling stamens; stigma capitate, unlobed; pedicel 8–15 mm. Seed-coat dull; cells ± smooth. 2n = 14.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–Jun.
Habitat: Heavy, rocky, clay soils, including serpentine
Elevation: 100–2100 m

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thicker" is not a number."broad" is not a number.

... more about "Allium falcifolium"
yellow +  and purple +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
cordate +  and linear +
Dale W. McNeal Jr. +  and T. D. Jacobsen +
Hooker & Arnott +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
dilated +
straight +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (21 cm210 mm <br />0.21 m <br />) +
falcate +
2mm;8mm +
conspicuous +
1 +  and 5 +
roughened +  and smooth +
quadrate +
Calif. +  and Oreg. +
100–2100 m +
connate-coroniform +  and dilated +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
loculicidal +
membranaceous +  and leathery +
Heavy, rocky, clay soils, including serpentine +
paired +, paniculate +  and racemose +
pink +  and white +
deciduous +
denticulate +
brown +  and reddish-brown +
crested +
many;several +
spreading +  and erect +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
membranous +
zygomorphic +  and actinomorphic +
Flowering Apr–Jun. +
white +  and yellow +
low +  and central +
Bot. Beechey Voy., +
1.5cm +  and 2.5cm +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +  and 1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (?) +
2 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
winged +  and solid +
deciduous +
5cm +  and 25cm +
flattened +
1mm +  and 4mm +
wind-distributed +
1 +  and many +
obovoid +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
adnate +  and free +
1 +  and several +
Allium breweri +  and Allium falcifolium var. breweri +
Allium falcifolium +
species +
dingy white;reddish purple +
persisting +
distinct +
lanceolate +
membranous +  and rigid +
sepaloid +  and petaloid +
narrower +
10-30-flowered +, compact +  and more or less loose +
persistent +
9 +, 8 +  and 7 +