Allium unifolium

Kellogg

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 2: 112, fig. 35. 1863.

Endemic
Synonyms: Allium grandisceptrum Davidson Allium unifolium var. lacteum Greene
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 258. Mentioned on page 224, 225, 230.

Bulbs solitary, replaced annually by new bulbs borne terminally on secondary rhizome; rhizomes 1–3, conspicuous, to 5 cm, smooth; parent bulbs disappearing by anthesis except for still-functional roots and bulb coat, ovoid to oblique-ovoid, 1–2 × 0.8–1.5 cm; outer coats not enclosing bulbs, pale-brown, delicately cellular-reticulate, membranous, cells ± rectangular, without fibers; inner coats white, cells obscure, ± transversely elongate, contorted. Leaves persistent, green or withering from tip at anthesis, 2–3, basally sheathing, sheaths not extending much above soil surface; blade solid, flattened, sometimes carinate abaxially, ± falcate, 18–50 cm × 4–10 mm, margins entire. Scape persistent, solitary, erect, solid, terete, 20–80 cm × 2–7 mm. Umbel persistent, erect, loose, 15–35-flowered, hemispheric, bulbils unknown; spathe bracts persistent, 2, 6–8-veined, lanceovate to broadly ovate, ± equal, apex acuminate. Flowers stellate, 11–15 mm; tepals spreading, bright pink or rarely white, obovate to ovate, unequal, becoming papery and connivent over capsule, margins entire, apex acute to obtuse or emarginate, inner shorter and narrower than outer; stamens included; anthers yellow or purple; pollen yellow or gray; ovary crestless, 3-grooved, with thickened ridge on either side of groove; style linear, equaling stamens; stigma capitate, scarcely thickened, unlobed or obscurely 3-lobed; pedicel 15–40 mm. Seed-coat dull; cells minutely roughened. 2n = 14.


Phenology: Flowering May–Jun.
Habitat: Moist, clay soils, including serpentine, usually along streams
Elevation: 0–1100 m

Discussion

The long, relatively thick rhizomes that develop annually from the bulbs are very characteristic of Allium unifolium and almost unique in North America. Only A. glandulosum Link & Otto and A. rhizomatum Wooton & Standley have similar rhizomes, but these species are not closely related to A. unifolium.

Allium unifolium is known only from the Coast Ranges.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thicker" is not a number."broad" is not a number.

... more about "Allium unifolium"
purple +  and yellow +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
cordate +  and linear +
Dale W. McNeal Jr. +  and T. D. Jacobsen +
Kellogg +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
dilated +
straight +
18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
falcate +, carinate +  and flattened +
4mm;10mm +
conspicuous +
roughened +  and smooth +
elongate +  and rectangular +
Calif. +  and Oreg. +
0–1100 m +
connate-coroniform +  and dilated +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
loculicidal +
membranaceous +  and leathery +
Moist, clay soils, including serpentine, usually along streams +
paired +, paniculate +  and racemose +
shorter and narrower +
persistent +
3-grooved +  and crestless +
crested;3-lobed +
many;several +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
ovoid +  and oblique-ovoid +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
spreading +  and erect +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
membranous +
zygomorphic +  and actinomorphic +
Flowering May–Jun. +
gray +  and yellow +
Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. +
1 +  and 3 +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
persistent +
20cm +  and 80cm +
2mm +  and 7mm +
wind-distributed +
1 +  and many +
obovoid +
adnate +  and free +
1 +  and several +
3-lobed +  and unlobed +
Allium grandisceptrum +  and Allium unifolium var. lacteum +
Allium unifolium +
species +
white;bright pink +
persisting +
distinct +
obovate +  and ovate +
unequal +
sepaloid +  and petaloid +
narrower +
15-35-flowered +
persistent +
9 +, 8 +  and 7 +