Allium vineale

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 299. 1753.

Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 237. Mentioned on page 226, 238.

Bulbs 5–20, clustered, stipitate, hard-shelled, asymmetric, ovoid, 1–2 × 1–2 cm; outer coats enclosing bulbs, brownish to yellowish, membranous, vertically striate, splitting into parallel strips and fibers, cells arranged in ± wavy rows, vertical; inner coats white to light-brown, cells obscure, vertically elongate. Leaves persistent, green at anthesis, 2–4, sheathing at least proximal 1/2 scape; blade hollow below middle, terete, cylindric or filiform, not carinate, 20–60 cm × 2–4 mm, margins entire. Scape persistent, solitary, erect, terete, 30–120 cm × 1.5–4 mm. Umbel persistent, erect, ± compact, 0–50-flowered, subglobose to ovoid or hemispheric, flowering pedicels all or in part replaced by bulbils; bulbils sessile, basally narrowed, 4–6 × 2–3 mm; spathe bract caducous, 1, 2–several-veined, ovate, apex caudate, beaked, beak ± equaling or longer than base. Flowers campanulate, 3–4 mm; tepals erect, greenish to purple, elliptic-lanceolate, ± equal, withering in fruit, margins entire, apex obtuse; stamens exserted, outer 3 filaments without appendages, inner 3 filaments with 2 prominent lateral appendages; anthers purple; pollen white; ovary crestless; style exserted, linear, ± equaling stamen; stigma capitate, scarcely thickened, unlobed; flowering pedicel 10–20 mm. Seed-coat shining; cells smooth. 2n = 32, 40.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Disturbed areas often adjacent to agricultural lands
Elevation: 0–700 m

Distribution

V26 408-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va., Europe

Discussion

Allium vineale is also expected to be found in Wisconsin and Texas; specimens were not seen. It is a noxious weed, apparently introduced from Europe in colonial times. The small, wheat-sized bulbils frequently contaminated wheat grown in infested areas. Bread made from such wheat was garlic-flavored, and cows grazing in infested pastures produce garlic-flavored milk.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thicker" is not a number."broad" is not a number.

... more about "Allium vineale"
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
cordate +  and linear +
Obtuse (?) +  and Caudate (?) +
Dale W. McNeal Jr. +  and T. D. Jacobsen +
Linnaeus +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
dilated +
more or less equaling or longer +
straight +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
not carinate +, filiform +, cylindric +  and terete +
2mm;4mm +
conspicuous +
hard-shelled +  and stipitate +
1cm +  and 2cm +
5 +  and 20 +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
narrowed +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
roughened +  and smooth +
elongate +
Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Europe +
0–700 m +
connate-coroniform +  and dilated +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
loculicidal +
membranaceous +  and leathery +
Disturbed areas often adjacent to agricultural lands +
paired +, paniculate +  and racemose +
white +  and light-brown +
persistent +
brownish +  and yellowish +
crested;3-lobed +
many;several +
spreading +  and erect +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
membranous +
zygomorphic +  and actinomorphic +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
persistent +
30cm +  and 120cm +
1.5mm +  and 4mm +
wind-distributed +
1 +  and many +
obovoid +
W2 +, W1 +  and Introduced +
adnate +  and free +
outer +  and exserted +
1 +  and several +
Allium vineale +
species +
greenish;purple +
persisting +
distinct +
elliptic-lanceolate +
sepaloid +  and petaloid +
narrower +
0-50-flowered +
persistent +
9 +, 8 +  and 7 +