Bot. Mag. 66: under plate 3779. 1840.

Common names: Pinewoods-lily purple pleat-leaf
Etymology: Greek a, not, and lophos, crest, referring to the absence of style crests
Synonyms: Eustylis Engelmann & A. Gray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 397. Mentioned on page 349.

Herbs, perennial, from tunicate, ovoid bulbs; tunic brown, dry, brittle, papery. Stems simple or branched. Leaves few, basal larger; blade pleated, linearlanceolate. Inflorescences rhipidiate, few-flowered; spathes green, unequal, outer shorter than inner, apex acute. Flowers short-lived, ± nodding [sometimes drooping], actinomorphic; tepals spreading, distinct, blue to purple, clawed, unequal, outer whorl larger than [± equaling] inner, claw surface sometimes folded or pinched basally forming lobes that partly obscure nectary zone, often with band of nectar-bearing hairs; stamens closely appressed to style; filaments distinct [occasionally connate], usually weak, unable to support anthers; anthers fused lightly to style, fiddle-shaped; pollen-sacs marginal, connective visible; style slender proximally, gradually widening and branched distally; branches fairly deeply divided into 2 recurved arms, arching over or between anthers, filiform, apically stigmatic. Capsules ovoid to oblong, cartilaginous, apex truncate. Seeds many, irregularly globose; seed-coat brown. x = 7.


North America (incl. Mexico), Central America, tropical South America


Species ca. 5 (1 in the flora).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Alophia"
dehiscing +  and latrorse +
fiddle--shaped +
Peter Goldblatt +
Herbert +
parallel-veined +
channeled +, pleated +  and plane +
filiform +  and divided +
expanded +
ovoid +  and oblong +
pinched basally forming lobes +  and folded +
Pinewoods-lily +  and purple pleat-leaf +
monochasial +
North America (incl. Mexico) +, Central America +  and tropical South America +
Greek a, not, and lophos, crest, referring to the absence of style crests +
actinomorphic +
short-lived +
winged +, branched +  and simple +
angled +, compressed +  and terete +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
woody;firm;cartilaginous +
nectar-bearing +
few-flowered +  and rhipidiate +
cauline +  and basal +
petaloid +, zygomorphic +  and actinomorphic +
globose +
unequal +
monochasial +
branched +  and simple +
3-lobed +  and filiform +
slender +
widening +
Eustylis +
Alophia +
Iridaceae +
blue +  and purple +
distinct +
unequal +
unequal +