Amberboa moschata

(Linnaeus) de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle

in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 6: 560. 1838.

Common names: Sweet-sultan
IntroducedIllustrated
Basionym: Centaurea moschata Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 909. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 173.

Stems with slender branches. Leaf-blades oblanceolate, 10–25 cm, margins dentate to lyrate-pinnatifid; cauline blades linear to lanceolate, margins dentate to pinnately dissected into linear-lanceolate segments. Heads long-pedunculate, ca. 5 cm diam. Involucres thinly hairy. Phyllaries green, rounded, outer scarious-margined, inner with oblong, scarious appendages. Florets fragrant; outer conspicuously expanded, many lobed. Cypselae dark-brown, 3.5–4 mm, glabrous; pappus-scales 3.5–4 mm. 2n = 32 (from cultivated material).


Phenology: Flowering winter–early summer (Jan–Jul).
Habitat: Escaped or persistent from cultivation in disturbed sites
Elevation: 0–1200 m

Discussion

British Columbia is cited on the basis of a 1936 collection from ballast in Vancouver. Amberboa moschata has been reported from California, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, and Utah; I have not seen specimens from those states.

Amberboa moschata has been cultivated as a garden ornamental since the 1600s. It occasionally grows as a casual garden escape in the United States and southern Canada. Wild forms of Amberboa moschata from Turkey and Armenia are described (E. Gabrielian and C. E. Jarvis 1996) as having pink or lilac marginal flowers, and a closely related species A. amberboi from central Asia as yellow-flowered. Corollas in garden forms are white, pink, purple, or yellow.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"fine" is not a number.

... more about "Amberboa moschata"
scarious +
racemiform +, paniculiform +  and corymbiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
David J. Keil +
(Linnaeus) de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle +
decurrent +
Centaurea moschata +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
oblanceolate +
compound +  and simple +
more or less lobed or entire +  and lobed +
10-nerved or 20-nerved +  and rugose +
linear +  and lanceolate +
Sweet-sultan +
actinomorphic +  and raylike +
white +  and pink purple or yellow +
inner +  and outer +
expanded +
compressed +  and oblong +
fertile +  and bisexual +
B.C. +  and c Asia +
0–1200 m +
wrinkled +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
fragrant +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Escaped or persistent from cultivation in disturbed sites +
long-pedunculate +
singly +  and radiant +
indeterminate +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (?) +
each +  and sessile +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
sessile +  and petiolate +
cauline +  and basal +
deltate +, usually narrowly triangular +  and more or less linear +
dentate +  and lyrate-pinnatifid +
dentate +  and pinnately dissected +
2-carpellate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
persistent +
Flowering winter–early summer (Jan–Jul). +
papillate +  and smooth +
distinct +  and fused +
in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
flat;convex +
swollen +
setiform +
exalbuminous +
several;several +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
appendaged +  and truncate +
dilated +  and swollen +
enlarged +
Compositae +
Amberboa moschata +
Amberboa +
species +
biennial +  and annual +
fertile +  and sterile +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (70 cm700 mm <br />0.7 m <br />) +
tree +, vine +, shrub +  and subshrub +