Annona squamosa

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 537. 1753.

Common names: Sweetsop sugar-apple
Introduced
Synonyms: Annona asiatica Linnaeus
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Shrubs or trees, to ca. 8 m; trunks short, not buttressed at base. Principal leaves late deciduous; petiole 4-22 mm. Leaf-blade narrowly elliptic to oblong or lanceolate, 5-17 × 2-5.5 cm, base broadly cuneate to rounded, apex acute to obtuse; surfaces glaucous, abaxially variably pubescent, adaxially glabrate. Inflorescences solitary flowers or fascicles; peduncle slender, to 2 cm, becoming enlarged in fruit. Flowers: sepals deltate, 1.5-2 mm, apex acute, surfaces abaxially pubescent or glabrous; outer petals pale green above purplish base, oblong or lance-oblong, 1.5-3 cm, base slightly concave, surfaces abaxially furrowed, pubescent, adaxially thickened, keeled; inner petals ovate, keeled, minute, nearly as long as stamens; stamens club-shaped, curved, 1-3 mm; connective dilated, flattened and truncate; pistils conically massed, separable at anthesis, later connate. Syncarp pendulous on thickened peduncle, greenish yellow, glaucous, mostly ±globose, 5-10 cm, muricate. Seed ellipsoid to obovoid, 1-1.4 cm.


Phenology: Flowering spring–early summer.
Habitat: Dryish sandy substrates, dry hammocks
Elevation: 0-50 m

Distribution

V3 773-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Fla., native to West Indies, naturalized or cultivated circumtropically

Discussion

The fruit of Annona squamosa (Annona sect. Atta C. Martius) has delicious whitish pulp, and it is popular in tropical markets.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Annona squamosa"
Robert Kral +
Linnaeus +
aromatic +
fissured +
concave;broadly cuneate;rounded +
Sweetsop +  and sugar-apple +
flattened +  and dilated +
Fla. +, native to West Indies +  and naturalized or cultivated circumtropically +
0-50 m +
pedunculate +  and few-flowered +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
usually ovoid;nearly globose +
coalescent +  and distinct +
Dryish sandy substrates, dry hammocks +
supra-axillary +  and axillary +
keeled +  and ovate +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (17 cm170 mm <br />0.17 m <br />) +
glabrous;pubescent +
membranous +  and leathery +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +  and 5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br /> (?) +
petiolate +  and simple +
deciduous +  and persistent +
aromatic +
flat-topped +
lance-oblong;oblong +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
enlarged +  and slender +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
imbricate +  and valvate +
reduced +, smaller +  and larger +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–early summer. +
septate;diaphragmed +
convex;more or less globose or elongate +
ellipsoid +  and obovoid +
imbricate +  and valvate +
deciduous +
connate +  and distinct +
deltate +
smaller +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (?) +
slender +
Introduced +
hypogynous +
club--shaped +
conic +  and club--shaped +
conic +  and club--shaped +
pubescent +, glabrous +, glabrate +  and glaucous +
greenish yellow +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
Annona asiatica +
Annona squamosa +
species +
not buttressed +
evergreen +  and deciduous +
tree +  and shrub +
unequal +
darker-pigmented +