Antennaria monocephala

de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle

in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 6: 269. 1838.

Common names: Pygmy pussytoes
Illustrated
Synonyms: Antennaria alpina var. monocephala (de Candolle) Torrey & A. Gray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 411. Mentioned on page 390, 392, 393, 401, 412.

Dioecious or gynoecious (staminates uncommon or in equal frequencies as pistillates, respectively). Plants 5–13 cm (stems usually stipitate-glandular). Stolons 2–4 cm. Basal leaves 1-nerved, spatulate to narrowly spatulate or oblanceolate, 9–18 × 2–4 mm, tips mucronate, abaxial faces tomentose, adaxial glabrous or green-glabrescent, or both gray-pubescent. Cauline leaves linear, 4–11 mm, flagged. Heads usually borne singly (rarely 2–3). Involucres: staminate 5–7 mm; pistillate 5–8 mm. Phyllaries distally brown, dark-brown, black, or olivaceous. Corollas: staminate 2.5–3.5 mm; pistillate 3.5–4 mm. Cypselae 1–1.3 mm, usually glabrous; pappi: staminate 3–4 mm (none in gynoecious populations); pistillate 4–5 mm. 2n = 28, 56, 60?, 70.

Distribution

V19-671-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., N.W.T., Nfld. and Labr., Nunavut, Que., Yukon, Alaska, Mont., Wyo., Russian Far East (Chukotka Peninsula)

Discussion

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora).

It seems reasonable to follow in part E. Hultén’s (1968) broad concept of Antennaria monocephala (R. J. Bayer 1991). Hultén circumscribed it as containing three subspecies. The sexual phase of A. monocephala (i.e., subsp. monocephala and subsp. philonipha) is known from southern Alaska, south of the Brooks Range, and to Yukon Territory and adjacent areas of the Northwest Territories and across the Bering Strait on the Chukotka Peninsula. Within his concept of A. monocephala, Hultén also circumscribed the presumably autopolyploid apomictic form of the species as A. monocephala subsp. angustata, thereby extending the range of the species across the Canadian arctic into Greenland and down the western Cordillera into Montana and Wyoming.

Antennaria monocephala subsp. monocephala is an amphimictic progenitor of the A. alpina agamic complex, as well as the sexual progenitor of the apomicts of subsp. angustata.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Plants gynoecious (staminate plants unknown) Antennaria monocephala subsp. angustata
1 Plants dioecious (staminates and pistillates in equal frequencies in populations) Antennaria monocephala subsp. monocephala
... more about "Antennaria monocephala"
70 +, 60 +, 56 +  and 28 +
gray-pubescent +, green-glabrescent +  and glabrous +
scarious +
mostly ovate +  and lanceovate or linear +
subcapitate +, racemiform +, paniculiform +  and corymbiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Randall J. Bayer +
de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
decurrent +
compound +  and simple +
spatulate;oblanceolate;spatulate;oblanceolate;linear;lanceolate;elliptic;cuneate +
5-ribbed +, 3-ribbed +  and 2-ribbed +
muriculate +, papillate +  and smooth +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
Pygmy pussytoes +
pistillate +  and staminate +
red +, yellow +  and white +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
mostly ellipsoid +  and ovoid +
pistillate +  and staminate +
Alta. +, B.C. +, N.W.T. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, Nunavut +, Que. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Mont. +, Wyo. +  and Russian Far East (Chukotka Peninsula) +
papillate +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
indeterminate +
homogamous +  and heterogamous +
each +  and sessile +
pistillate +  and staminate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
campanulate;cylindric +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
sessile +  and petiolate +
cauline +  and basal +
rarely lanceovate +  and lanceolate +
2-carpellate +
pistillate +  and staminate +
persistent +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
flat;convex or ovoid +
exalbuminous +
Illustrated +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +
Antennaria alpina var. monocephala +
Antennaria monocephala +
Antennaria +
species +
mucronate +
25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br /> (70 cm700 mm <br />0.7 m <br />) +
gynoecious +  and dioecious +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +