Arabis eschscholtziana

Andrzejowski in C. F. von Ledebour

in C. F. von Ledebour, Fl. Altaica 3: 25. 1831.

Endemic
Synonyms: Arabis hirsuta subsp. eschscholtziana (Andrzejowski) Hultén Arabis hirsuta var. eschscholtziana (Andrzejowski) Rollins Arabis hirsuta var. glabrata Torrey & A. Gray Arabis ovata var. glabrata (Torrey & A. Gray) Farwell Arabis pycnocarpa var. glabrata (Torrey & A. Gray) M. Hopkins Arabis rupestris Nuttall Arabis stelleri var. eschscholtziana (Andrzejowski) N. Busch Turritis spathulata
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 261. Mentioned on page 258.

Biennials or perennials; (caudex branched); usually densely hirsute (at least basally), trichomes simple or stalked, forked, sometimes glabrescent with mostly simple ones. Stems simple or several from base (rosette), erect, often branched distally, 2–7 (–10) dm, (hirsute basally, trichomes simple and minutely stalked, forked, rarely almost exclusively glabrous). Basal leaves: petiole 0.7–3 cm, (ciliate or not); blade broadly spatulate to narrowly oblanceolate, 1.2–10 cm × 7–30 mm, margins entire or dentate, apex obtuse or acute, surfaces usually pubescent, sometimes glabrous, trichomes simple, forked and stalked, stellate. Cauline leaves (2–) 4–12 (–18), (well-spaced or, rarely, overlapping); blade ovate to oblong or lanceolate, 1.5–6.5 (–10) cm × 5–30 mm, base auriculate, margins dentate or entire, apex acute or obtuse, surfaces sparsely hirsute or glabrous. Racemes simple or branched. Fruiting pedicels erect to erect-ascending, 3.5–10 (–15) mm, (glabrous or sparsely pubescent). Flowers: sepals oblong, 3.5–5 × 1.2–2 mm, lateral pair saccate basally; petals white, rarely pink, linear-oblanceolate or narrowly spatulate, (5.5–) 6.5–9 (–10) × 1.5–3 mm, apex obtuse; filaments 3.5–6 mm; anthers oblong, 0.7–1 mm. Fruits erect to erect-ascending, (often appressed to rachis), torulose, 3.5–6.5 cm × 1.2–1.8 (–2) mm; valves each with prominent midvein extending full length or to middle; ovules 54–80 per ovary; style (0.1–) 0.3–1 mm. Seeds usually narrowly winged throughout or only distally, rarely not winged, oblong or suborbicular, 1–1.8 × 0.9–1.3 mm; wing to 0.2 mm wide distally. 2n = 32, 64.


Phenology: Flowering (Apr-)May–Jul.
Habitat: Rocky slopes, crevices, and ledges, meadows, moist banks and grounds, granitic soil, wooded slopes
Elevation: 0-2800 m

Distribution

V7 344-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Yukon, Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.

Discussion

G. A. Mulligan (1996) recognized Arabis eschscholtziana as a distinct species; R. C. Rollins (1941, 1993) treated it as a variety of A. hirsuta. As discussed under A. pycnocarpa, A. hirsuta does not occur in North America, and the characters separating all three species (see key to species), as well as the different ploidy levels, support Mulligan’s conclusion.

Both M. Hopkins (1937) and R. C. Rollins (1941, 1993) recognized the glabrous or subglabrate forms native to North America as a distinct variety, var. glabrata; G. A. Mulligan (1996) did not accord such forms any taxonomic status. Glabrous and subglabrate forms occur in both Arabis eschscholtziana and A. pycnocarpa and sometimes even within a population that has moderately to densely pubescent forms. I support Mulligan’s view in not recognizing the glabrous forms as an infraspecific taxon.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"elongated" is not a number."thick" is not a number."dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Arabis eschscholtziana"
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Obtuse (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz +
Andrzejowski in C. F. von Ledebour +
sessile +  and petiolate +
auriculate +
appendaged +  and unappendaged +
6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br />) +
lyrate-pinnatifid +, dentate to denticulate +  and entire +
dissected +, repand +, sinuate +, crenate +  and dentate +
ovate;oblong or lanceolate +
much smaller +  and reduced +
5mm;30mm +
urceolate +, campanulate +  and tubular +
branched +  and simple +
petiolate +  and sessile +
well-developed +
distinct +
differentiated +
emarginate +  and entire +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +, Utah +, Wash. +  and Wyo. +
0-2800 m +
straight +  and curved +
not winged +  and unappendaged +
connate +  and distinct +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
actinomorphic +
latiseptate +  and unsegmented +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and dehiscent +
3.5cm;6.5cm +
erect +  and erect-ascending +
torulose +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
latiseptate +, stipitate +  and sessile +
flattened +  and torulose +
Rocky slopes, crevices, and ledges, meadows, moist banks and grounds, granitic soil, wooded slopes +
annular +  and semiannular +
sessile +  and petiolate +
alternate +, not +  and rosulate +
cauline +  and basal +
connate +  and distinct +
decurrent +
entire +  and dentate +
pinnatifid +
forked +
tenuinucellate +, crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +  and anatropous +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Pink (?) +  and White (?) +
0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
rudimentary +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Flowering (Apr-)May–Jul. +
trinucleate +  and 3(-11)-colpate +
in C. F. von Ledebour, Fl. Altaica +
branched;simple +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
elongated +
erect +  and erect-ascending +
slender +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
mucilaginous +
uniseriate +  and biseriate +
not +  and mucilaginous +
White (?) +, Black (?) +, Brown (?) +  and Yellow (?) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
suborbicular +  and oblong +
0.09 cm0.9 mm <br />9.0e-4 m <br /> (0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br />) +
persistent +  and caducous +
distinct +
ascending +  and erect +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
reduced +
latiseptate +  and unsegmented +
indehiscent +  and dehiscent +
latiseptate +  and unsegmented +
indehiscent +  and dehiscent +
tetradynamous +
branched +  and simple +
procumbent +  and decumbent +
subsessile +, sessile +  and petiolate +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
persistent +
distinct +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
glabrous +, hirsute +  and pubescent +
Arabis hirsuta subsp. eschscholtziana +, Arabis hirsuta var. eschscholtziana +, Arabis hirsuta var. glabrata +, Arabis ovata var. glabrata +, Arabis pycnocarpa var. glabrata +, Arabis rupestris +, Arabis stelleri var. eschscholtziana +  and Turritis spathulata +
Arabis eschscholtziana +
species +
stalked +  and simple +
coiled +, 1-7-veined +  and veined +
anastomosing +
perennial +  and biennial +
rhizomatous +, taprooted +, scapose +  and not +
perennial +, biennial +  and annual +
subshrub +  and herb +
aquatics +  and terrestrial +
glabrous +  and pubescent +
0mm;0.2mm +