Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. cyanocarpum

(A. Nelson ex Rydberg) Nickrent

Phytoneuron 2012-51: 9. 2012.

Common names: Limber pine dwarf mistletoe
Endemic
Basionym: Razoumofskya cyanocarpa A. Nelson ex Rydberg Fl. Colorado, 100. 1906
Synonyms: Arceuthobium cyanocarpum (A. Nelson ex Rydberg) J. M. Coulter & A. Nelson
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 431. Mentioned on page 429.

Plants forming witches brooms. Stems yellow, green, olive green, or brown, 3 (–7) cm; third internode 2–5.2 (–14) × 1–1.1 (–1.5) mm, dominant shoot 1–2 mm diam. at base. Staminate flowers 3 mm diam.; petals 3 (–4). Fruits 3.5 × 2.5 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Sep; fruiting Aug–Sep.
Habitat: Coniferous forests.
Elevation: 1600–3100 m.

Distribution

V12 309-distribution-map.jpg

Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wyo.

Discussion

Meiosis occurs in July, with fruits maturing 12 months after pollination.

Subspecies cyanocarpum is widely distributed at high elevations in the western United States from the Rocky Mountains to the Sierra Nevada of California. Its most common host is Pinus flexilis; however, P. albicaulis, P. aristata, and P. longaeva are also listed as principal hosts owing to their high incidence of infection. Additional secondary to rare hosts include Picea engelmannii, Pinus balfouriana, P. contorta, P. monticola, P. ponderosa, and Tsuga mertensiana. This mistletoe is a significant pathogen in many locations, sometimes resulting in massive host tree mortality.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
Daniel L. Nickrent +
(A. Nelson ex Rydberg) Nickrent +
Razoumofskya cyanocarpa +
brown +, orange +, yellow +, olive green +  and yellowish green +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (?) +
scale-like +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (22 cm220 mm <br />0.22 m <br />) +
3cm +  and 10cm +
Limber pine dwarf mistletoe +
spikelike +
Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +, Utah +  and Wyo. +
1600–3100 m. +
globose +  and pyriform +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (?) +
Coniferous forests. +
terminal +  and axillary +
bisexual +  and unisexual +
0.52 cm5.2 mm <br />0.0052 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.52 cm5.2 mm <br />0.0052 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br />) +
connate +
scale-like +
pinnate +  and entire +
articulated +
connate +  and distinct +
Flowering Jul–Sep +  and fruiting Aug–Sep. +
2[-3]-carpellate +
Phytoneuron +
mucilaginous +
0.33 cm3.3 mm <br />0.0033 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br /> (?) +
pyriform +  and ellipsoid +
0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (?) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
3 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
brown;olive green;brown;olive green;green;yellow +
pendulous +  and erect +
fanlike +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
undifferentiated +
Arceuthobium cyanocarpum +
Arceuthobium campylopodum subsp. cyanocarpum +
Arceuthobium campylopodum +
subspecies +
spikelike +
mucilaginous +
evergreen +  and perennial +