Argyranthemum foeniculaceum

(Willdenow) Webb ex Schultz-Bipontinus in P. B. Webb and S. Berthelot

in P. B. Webb and S. Berthelot, Hist. Nat. Îles Canaries 3(2,75): 262. 1844.

IntroducedIllustrated
Basionym: Pyrethrum foeniculaceum Willdenow Enum. Pl., 903. 1809
Synonyms: Argyranthemum anethifolium Webb Chrysanthemum anethifolium Willdenow Chrysanthemum foeniculaceum (Willdenow) Steudel
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 552.

Leaves scattered or crowded at bases of peduncles, ± succulent; blades ± obovate, 20–45 (–100) × 10–30 (–65) mm, (1–) 2–3-pinnately lobed, ultimate margins dentate or entire, faces glabrous, ± glaucous. Peduncles 5–10 cm. Cypselae 2–4 (–6) mm; pappi 0 (cypselar wall tissue sometimes produced as teeth or crowns at apices of some cypselae). 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering May.
Habitat: Disturbed sites
Elevation: 0–10 m

Distribution

V19-963-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Calif., Macaronesia

Discussion

Cultivars of Argyranthemum foeniculaceum and/or A. frutescens (Linnaeus) Schultz-Bipontinus (similar, not glaucous) are widely used horticulturally in landscaping and for cut flowers and are often sold as florists’ daisies, marguerites, or Paris daisies.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broader" is not a number.

not tailed +  and obtuse +
scarious +
corymbiform +  and open +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
John L. Strother +
(Willdenow) Webb ex Schultz-Bipontinus in P. B. Webb and S. Berthelot +
decurrent +
Pyrethrum foeniculaceum +
compound +  and simple +
4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
lobed;obovate +
10mm;30mm +
zygomorphic +, actinomorphic +  and (3-)5-merous +
yellow +, pink +  and white +
nerved +  and ribbed +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
obcompressed +, compressed +, 3-angled +, columnar +  and prismatic +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Calif. +  and Macaronesia +
0–10 m +
gland-dotted +
glaucous +  and glabrous +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Disturbed sites +
in open , corymbiform arrays +  and singly +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
each +  and sessile +
compressed-prismatic +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
hemispheric +
less ovate +  and linear +
sessile +  and petiolate +
crowded +  and scattered +
succulent +
deltate +
entire +  and dentate +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
Flowering May. +
28 +  and 45 +
in P. B. Webb and S. Berthelot, Hist. Nat. Îles Canaries +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
convex;conic +
exalbuminous +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +
Argyranthemum anethifolium +, Chrysanthemum anethifolium +  and Chrysanthemum foeniculaceum +
Argyranthemum foeniculaceum +
Argyranthemum +
species +
campanulate +
cylindric +
perennial +, biennial +  and annual +
shrub +  and subshrub +