Arrhenopterum heterostichum

Hedwig

Sp. Musc. Frond., 198, plate 46, figs. 1 – 9. 1801.

Illustrated
Synonyms: Aulacomnium heterostichum (Hedwig) Bruch & Schimper
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 96.

Plants in small mats, glossy distally when dry, scarcely altered when moist. Stems reddish-brown or yellow, weakly complanate-foliate, densely branched, mostly from subfloral branches; rhizoids conspicuous along stem. Leaves with margins revolute on one side (or both) proximally; costa prominent, flexuose, ending before apex, sometimes with short lateral spurs, guide cells often in 2 rows near base, 1 row toward apex. Perigonia sessile; outer leaves short, narrowed to insertion, apex slightly flaring, inner leaves concave basally, scarcely longer than antheridia, margins entire, apex acute, basal laminal cells elongate, larger than distal cells, smooth. Perichaetial outer leaves symmetric, narrowed to insertion, inner leaves narrow, attenuate to long-attenuate. Seta 1–1.5 cm. Capsule 3.5–5 mm.


Habitat: Mineral or humid soil, slopes of ravines, bark at tree bases
Elevation: low elevations

Distribution

V28 148-distribution-map.gif

N.S., Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., Asia (China), Asia (Japan), Asia (Korea), Asia (Russian Far East)

Discussion

The range of Arrhenopterum heterostichum in North America corresponds largely to the range of temperate deciduous or mixed deciduous-conifer forest, ranging westward into forested portions of the tallgrass prairie.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

papillose-mammillose +, low +, smooth +  and bulging +
Acute (?) +  and Flaring (?) +
Norton G. Miller† +
Hedwig +
narrowed +  and decurrent +
cucullate +
horizontal +  and inclined +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
nodulose +  and nodose +
flexuose +
N.S. +, Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Asia (China) +, Asia (Japan) +, Asia (Korea) +  and Asia (Russian Far East) +
low elevations +
Mineral or humid soil, slopes of ravines, bark at tree bases +
attenuate +  and long-attenuate +
not +  and collenchymatous +
autoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
somewhat +  and arranged +
concave +, oblong-ovate +  and complanate +
small +
differentiated +  and isomorphic +
male +  and female +
Sp. Musc. Frond., +
roughened +  and smooth +
reddish-brown +
inclined +  and erect +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
branched +  and complanate-foliate +
yellow +  and reddish-brown +
Aulacomnium heterostichum +
Arrhenopterum heterostichum +
Arrhenopterum +
species +
not collenchymatous +
specialized +
autoicous +  and sexual +