Artemisia californica

Lessing

Linnaea 6: 523. 1831.

Common names: California sagebrush
Synonyms: Artemisia abrotanoides Nuttall Artemisia fischeriana Besser Artemisia foliosa Nuttall Crossostephium californicum (Lessing) Rydberg
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 524. Mentioned on page 487, 503, 504, 520, 521, 530.

Shrubs, (20–) 150–250 cm (rounded), pungently aromatic. Stems relatively numerous, arched, green or brown, branched (slender, wandlike, bases brittle), densely canescent to glabrate. Leaves cauline, light green to gray; blades filiform or spatulate to obovate, 3–5 (–9) × 0.5–2 cm, sometimes pinnately lobed (lobes filiform, 0.5–1 mm wide), faces sparsely to densely hairy. Heads (nodding at maturity, pedunculate) in paniculiform arrays 6–20 × 1–3 cm (branches erect to broadly spreading). Involucres globose, 2–3 (–4) × 2–4 (–5) mm. Phyllaries broadly ovate, sparsely canescent. Florets: pistillate 6–10; bisexual 18–25; corollas pale-yellow, 0.8–1.2 mm, glabrous. Cypselae ellipsoid, 0.5–1.5 mm, resinous (pappi coroniform). 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering early–late summer.
Habitat: Coastal scrub, dry foothills
Elevation: 0–800 m

Distribution

V19-895-distribution-map.gif

Calif., Mexico (Baja California)

Discussion

Artemisia californica is the common sagebrush of chaparral in southern California. Its threadlike leaves and green flowering heads distinguish it from any other shrub in California. Artemisia nesiotica, an endemic of the Channel Islands that was initially considered a morphologic variant of A. californica, is distinct in size and form. Systematic placement of the complex may be problematic. The molecular phylogeny of L. E. Watson et al. (2002) suggests an alignment of A. californica within subg. Tridentatae. Based on this finding, a subgeneric realignment of this species may be in order. The odor of A. californica is markedly like that of the culinary mints known as common sage (Salvia species).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Artemisia californica"
not tailed +  and obtuse +
scarious +
spiciform +, racemiform +, paniculiform +  and corymbiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Leila M. Shultz +
Lessing +
decurrent +
compound +  and simple +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
lobed;spatulate;obovate +
0.5cm;2cm +
fertile +  and bisexual +
California sagebrush +
zygomorphic +, actinomorphic +  and (3-)5-merous +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
winged +  and monomorphic +
ellipsoid +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Calif. +  and Mexico (Baja California) +
0–800 m +
gland-dotted +
peripheral +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Coastal scrub, dry foothills +
spiciform +  and racemiform +
in subcapitate clusters +  and singly +
indeterminate +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
each +  and sessile +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
sessile +  and petiolate +
light green +  and gray +
persistent +  and deciduous +
deltate +
entire +  and dentate +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
Flowering early–late summer. +
2 +  and 20 +
styliferous +, neuter +  and pistillate +
sterile +  and fertile +
conic;convex;conic;convex;flat +
2 +  and 5 +
exalbuminous +
brown +  and green +
wand-like +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +
Artemisia abrotanoides +, Artemisia fischeriana +, Artemisia foliosa +  and Crossostephium californicum +
Artemisia californica +
Artemisia subg. Artemisia +
species +
funnel +  and subglobose +
cylindric +
fibrous-rooted +  and taprooted +
perennial +, biennial +  and annual +