Astranthium ciliatum

(Rafinesque) G. L. Nesom

Sida 21: 2016. 2005.

Common names: Comanche western-daisy
Illustrated
Basionym: Bellis ciliata Rafinesque New Fl. 2: 24. 1837
Synonyms: Astranthium integrifolium subsp. ciliatum (Rafinesque) De Jong Astranthium integrifolium var. ciliatum (Rafinesque) Larsen Astranthium integrifolium var. triflorum (Rafinesque) Shinners
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 204.

Annuals, usually narrowly taprooted. Stems usually 1, erect to decumbent-ascending. Leaves: basal and proximal cauline 15–40 (–50) × 3–11 (–14) mm. Involucres (2–) 2.5–4.5 mm. Ray-florets (7–) 13–24; corolla laminae white, occasionally drying with bluish midstripe abaxially, (4–) 6–10 (–12) mm. Disc-floret corollas 2–3 mm. Cypselae 1–1.6 × 0.6–0.8 mm, faces minutely longitudinally striate, otherwise nearly smooth, rarely papillate-pebbly, uniformly sparsely to densely glochidiate-hairy. 2n = 8.


Phenology: Flowering Mar–May.
Habitat: Open sandy sites, less commonly in loam or clay, oak and oak-hickory woodlands, roadsides, pastures, grassland, also occasionally (Ark., Okla.) on rocky ridges, limestone outcrops, gravelly stream bottoms
Elevation: 10–100 m

Distribution

V20-453-distribution-map.gif

Ark., Kans., Mo., Okla., Tex., Mexico (Nuevo León), Mexico (Tamaulipas)

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"[" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property."]" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Astranthium ciliatum"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
spiciform +, racemiform +, paniculiform +  and corymbiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Guy L. Nesom +
(Rafinesque) G. L. Nesom +
decurrent +
Bellis ciliata +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
spatulate-obovate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
narrower +
rugulose +  and muricate +
barbellulate +  and barbellate +
Comanche western-daisy +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
yellow +, white +  and with blue to purplish blue midstripe +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
compressed +, obovoid +  and oblanceoloid-obovoid +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ark. +, Kans. +, Mo. +, Okla. +, Tex. +, Mexico (Nuevo León) +  and Mexico (Tamaulipas) +
10–100 m +
glochidiate-hairy +
papillate-pebbly +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Open sandy sites, less commonly in loam or clay, oak and oak-hickory woodlands, roadsides, pastures, grassland, also occasionally (Ark., Okla.) on rocky ridges, limestone outcrops, gravelly stream bottoms +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
each +  and sessile +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
hemispheric;campanulate +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
15mm;40mm +
cauline +, proximal +  and basal +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
deltate +
inconspicuous +
broadly oblanceolate +  and linear-lanceolate +
2-carpellate +
coroniform +
Flowering Mar–May. +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
exalbuminous +
Illustrated +
erect +  and decumbent-ascending +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Astranthium integrifolium subsp. ciliatum +, Astranthium integrifolium var. ciliatum +  and Astranthium integrifolium var. triflorum +
Astranthium ciliatum +
Astranthium +
species +
tubular-funnelform +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
tree +, shrub +  and subshrub +
5 +, 4 +  and 3 +