Astrolepis windhamii

D. M. Benham

Amer. Fern J. 82: 60. 1992.

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Stems compact to short-creeping; stem scales uniformly tan or somewhat darker near base, to 15 mm, margins ciliate-dentate to entire. Leaves 10–50 cm. Blade pinnate-pinnatifid, pinna pairs 20–45. Pinnae ovate to deltate, largest 7–15 mm, usually symmetrically lobed, lobes 6–11, broadly rounded, separated by shallow sinuses; abaxial scales concealing surface, lanceolate, usually 1–1.5 mm, ciliate with coarse marginal projections; adaxial scales sparse, mostly persistent, elongate, usually stellate, attached at base, body 2–4 cells wide. Sporangia containing 32 spores. n = 2n = 87, apogamous.


Phenology: Sporulating summer–fall.
Habitat: Rocky hillsides and cliffs, occurring on calcareous and noncalcareous substrates
Elevation: 1200–2100 m

Distribution

V2 630-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., N.Mex., Tex., n Mexico

Discussion

Recent isozyme analyses (D. M. Benham 1989) indicate that Astrolepis windhamii is an apogamous allotriploid that contains three different genomes, one each from A. sinuata, A. cochisensis, and an unnamed Mexican taxon related to A. crassifolia. Because of this genomic constitution, Astrolepis windhamii tends to bridge the morphologic gap between A. sinuata and A. integerrima, which is itself a hybrid between A. cochisensis and the unnamed Mexican species. Although the features that separate these taxa are subtle, the pinna lobing and scale characteristics of A. windhamii mentioned in the key adequately distinguish them in most cases.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Astrolepis windhamii"
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
Dale M. Benham +  and Michael D. Windham +
D. M. Benham +
glabrescent +
pinnate-pinnatifid +
Ariz. +, N.Mex. +, Tex. +  and n Mexico +
1200–2100 m +
yellow +  and white +
obcordate;reniform +
Rocky hillsides and cliffs, occurring on calcareous and noncalcareous substrates +
monomorphic +
recurved +  and reflexed +
noncircinate +  and circinate +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
6 +  and 11 +
rounded +
ciliate-dentate;entire +
straw-colored;chestnut-brown;dull +
Sporulating summer–fall. +
largest +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Amer. Fern J. +
overlapping +
tan;chestnut-brown concolored +
persistent +
lanceolate +  and ovate +
light +  and dark-brown +
tetrahedral-globose +
erect +  and ascending +
darker +  and tan +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Astrolepis windhamii +
Astrolepis +
species +
crescent--shaped +  and roundish +