Atrichum tenellum

(Röhling) Bruch & Schimper

Bryol. Europ. 4: 237. 1844,.

Basionym: Catharinea tenella Röhling Ann. Wetterauischen Ges. Gesammte Naturk. 3(2): 234. 1814
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 150. Mentioned on page 148, 149.

Plants small, gracile, and rather delicate in appearance, green to brownish green. Stems to 2 cm. Leaves 2.5–6 × 0.7–1.5 mm, lanceolate to ovatelanceolate, plane or rarely weakly undulate, teeth few and scattered on abaxial surface of lamina or absent, the apex acute, proximal leaves somewhat obtuse; border narrow, with small, rather distant marginal teeth; costa subpercurrent to percurrent, with several abaxial teeth near apex; lamellae 2–5, 4–7 cells high; median leaf cells 19–24 µm wide, laxly subquadrate to irregularly hexagonal, evenly thin-walled, not or weakly collenchymatous, becoming somewhat larger adjacent to the costa, smooth. Sexual condition dioicous; male plants about same size as female, perigonial bracts broad, forming a cuplike inflorescence, sometimes more than one per plant. Seta 1 (–2) per perichaetium, to 2 cm. Capsule 1–2 × 0.5–0.8 mm, erect to inclined, straight to somewhat curved; operculum 1.5–2 mm. Spores 15–30 µm.


Phenology: Capsules mature late summer (Aug–Sep).
Habitat: Clay or sandy soil, especially in exposed habitats, beside streams, in roadside ditches, along trails and clearings in woodlands
Elevation: low to moderate elevations

Distribution

V27 185-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ill., Maine, Minn., Wis., n, c Europe, n Asia

Discussion

Atrichum tenellum is a species with few distinguishing features, evidently rather rare (or seldom collected), with comparatively few lamellae, a narrow leaf border, thin-walled median leaf cells without trigones, and abaxial teeth few or absent. Previously confused with A. crispum, it is easily distinguished by the absence of papillae on the marginal teeth and border. In addition, the lamellae of A. crispum are always low and discontinuous.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"narrower" is not a number.

... more about "Atrichum tenellum"
prominent +
Gary L. Smith Merrill +  and Robert R. Ireland Jr. +
(Röhling) Bruch & Schimper +
Catharinea tenella +
straight;arcuate +
abrupt +, crisped +  and undulate +
broadened +
overlapping +
not pitted +
monoicous +, dioicous +, sexual +  and vegetative +
sparsely ciliate;smooth +
hispid +  and smooth +
cucullate +
curved +  and straight to somewhat +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
erect;inclined +
terete +  and long-cylindric +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
subpercurrent +
toothed +
undifferentiated +
conspicuous +
B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.W.T. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ill. +, Maine +, Minn. +, Wis. +, n +, c Europe +  and n Asia +
low to moderate elevations +
scabrous +, mammillose +  and smooth +
Clay or sandy soil, especially in exposed habitats, beside streams, in roadside ditches, along trails and clearings in woodlands +
delimited +  and indistinct +
photosynthetic +
4 +  and 7 +
serrate +, crenulate +  and serrulate +
long-rectangular +
toothed +  and undulate +
collenchymatous +  and thin-walled +
dioicous +  and sexual +
2.5mm;6mm +
lanceolate +  and ovatelanceolate plane or rarely weakly undulate +
membranous +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
1(-3)-stratose +
cuticular-papillose +  and smooth +
toothed +, serrate +, denticulate +  and entire +
shape +  and size +
with minute rounded to striate papillae +  and smooth +
synoicous +, polygamous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (?) +
usually narrower and longer +
pigmented +  and pale +
Capsules mature late summer (Aug–Sep). +
Bryol. Europ. +
underground +
not differentiated +
straight +  and flexuose +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
differentiated +
larger +  and minute +
branched +  and simple +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
Atrichum tenellum +
Atrichum +
species +
compound +  and simple +
unjointed +
green +  and brownish green +