Atriplex holocarpa

F. Mueller

Rep. Pl. Babbage’s Exped., 19. 1859.

Common names: Pop saltbush
Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 342. Mentioned on page 324, 381.

Herbs, annual or short-lived perennial, 1.5–3 dm, with a hard subligneous base. Stems branching, diffuse or procumbent, softly scurfy-tomentose. Leaves alternate; petiole to 1/2 as long as blade; blade obovate or rhombic to deltoid, 10–30 mm, base obtuse, margin sinuate to serrate, apex irregularly toothed, acute. Flowers in axillary glomerules, staminate in distal axils surrounded by pistillate flowers, these only and usually few together in most axils, very small and globular at anthesis. Fruiting bracteoles sessile, obovoid-globular, fused, scarcely compressed, 8–12 mm, of loosely fibrous and spongy consistency, with thin membranous epidermis and thin, inner membrane, opening at summit closed by 2 erect, appressed, entire or 3-toothed valves, apex shortly apiculate, not flattened at top. Seeds broadly elliptic; radical lateral, erect.


Phenology: Flowering summer.
Habitat: Cultivated or weedy

Distribution

Introduced; Tex., Wyo., Australia

Discussion

I have seen no specimens of this species and therefore it is not mapped. H. M. Hall and F. E. Clements (1923) in discussion of the related Atriplex lindleyi (as A. halimoides) noted that it has “been grown in American gardens with the thought of using them as forage plants, but…has [not] been found suitable for general planting. P. G. Wilson (1984) indicated that the species is relatively widespread in Australia, mainly in southern parts, where it grows “often on flood-plains or sandy flats.”

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Atriplex holocarpa"
Stanley L. Welsh +
F. Mueller +
slippery +
aromatic +
subligneous +  and hard +
rhombic +  and deltoid +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
persistent +  and deciduous +
reddish-brown +, black +, brown +  and green +
ovoid-globular +  and broadly turbinate or hemispheric +
3-5-parted +
Pop saltbush +
compressed +  and obovoid-globular +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
spongy +  and fibrous +
Tex. +, Wyo. +  and Australia +
tuberculate +  and smooth +
staminate +  and pistillate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and connate +
enlarged +
Cultivated or weedy +
bladderlike +
terminal +  and axillary +
deciduous +  and persistent +
not winged +  and winged +
entire +  and serrate +
sinuate +  and serrate +
inferior +, half-inferior +  and superior +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1 +  and single +
persistent +  and deciduous +
(1-)3-5-lobed +
papery +  and chartaceous +
Flowering summer. +
Rep. Pl. Babbage’s Exped., +
bulbous +  and taprooted +
fusiform +
fleshy +  and fibrous +
verrucate +  and striate +
lateral +  and radical +
flattened +
Introduced +
cylindric +
3 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
opposite +  and alternate +
succulent +
sessile +  and petiolate +
reduced;small +
horizontal +  and vertical +
3-toothed +  and entire +
verrucate +
Halimoides +
Atriplex holocarpa +
Atriplex sect. Spongiocarpus +
species +
dicotyledonous +
perennial +, short-lived +  and annual +