Aureolaria flava

(Linnaeus) Farwell

Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 20: 188. 1919.

Common names: Smooth yellow false foxglove
Endemic
Basionym: Gerardia flava Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 610. 1753
Synonyms: Aureolaria calycosa (Mackenzie & Bush) Pennell A. flava var. macrantha Pennell A. flava var. reticulata (Rafinesque) Pennell G. calycosa (Mackenzie & Bush) Fernald G. flava var. macrantha (Pennell) Fernald G. flava var. reticulata (Rafinesque) Cory
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 558. Mentioned on page 556, 559.

Perennials. Stems branched, 4–22 dm, glabrous, glaucescent. Leaves: petiole 7–25 mm; blade lanceolate, 60–160 x 12–60 mm, margins pinnatifid or basal leaves 2-pinnatifid, rarely entire, surfaces glabrous. Bracts leaflike, 10–48 x 2–5 mm, margins entire or pinnatifid. Pedicels 7–12 mm, glabrous. Flowers: calyx glabrous, tube campanulate, 4–8 mm, lobes linear to narrowly deltate, 4–7 x 1–2 mm, margins entire; corolla-tube 25–38 mm, glabrous, lobes 5–9 x 6–15 mm; filaments 12–26 mm, glabrous; style 27–31 mm. Capsules ovoid to pyriform, 11–13 x 9–11 mm, glabrous. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Oct.
Habitat: Oak or oak-pine woods, roadsides.
Elevation: 0–1500 m.

Distribution

Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Despite the nuanced variation within this broadly distributed species recognized at both the varietal and subspecific ranks by F. W. Pennell (1935), R. P. Wunderlin (1998) recognized a broad Aureolaria flava with no varietal designations; that concept is followed here.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Aureolaria flava"
Jeffery J. Morawetz +
(Linnaeus) Farwell +
Gerardia flava +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br />) +
lanceolate +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
12mm;60mm +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (4.8 cm48 mm <br />0.048 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
turbinate +, campanulate +  and symmetric +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
ovoid;pyriform +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
Smooth yellow false foxglove +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3.8 cm38 mm <br />0.038 m <br />) +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
0–1500 m. +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Oak or oak-pine woods, roadsides. +
axillary +  and terminal +
deciduous +
cauline +  and basal +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
linear +  and narrowly deltate +
6mm;15mm +
pinnatifid +  and entire +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
Flowering Jul–Oct. +
Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. +
300 +  and 500 +
ovoid +  and deltoid +
subequal +
glaucescent +
aerial +  and subterranean +
not fleshy +
2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br /> (3.1 cm31 mm <br />0.031 m <br />) +
Aureolaria calycosa +, A. flava var. macrantha +, A. flava var. reticulata +, G. calycosa +, G. flava var. macrantha +  and G. flava var. reticulata +
Aureolaria flava +
Aureolaria +
species +
campanulate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
perennial +  and annual +