Aureolaria pedicularia

(Linnaeus) Rafinesque ex Pennell

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 412. 1913.

Common names: Fernleaf yellow false foxglove
Endemic
Basionym: Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 611. 1753
Synonyms: Aureolaria pedicularia var. ambigens (Fernald) Farwell A. pedicularia var. austromontana Pennell A. pedicularia var. intercedens Pennell G. pedicularia var. ambigens Fernald G. pedicularia var. austromontana (Pennell) Fernald G. pedicularia var. intercedens (Pennell) Fernald
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 557. Mentioned on page 556.

Annuals. Stems simple or branched, 4–10 dm, glabrous, white-pubescent, or sparsely glandular-pubescent. Leaves: petiole 3–5 mm; blade lanceolate, 12–70 x 8–30 mm, margins pinnatifid (less than 1/2 to midvein) to 2-pinnatifid, first sinus deeper than second when both present, surfaces glabrous, rarely white-pubescent. Bracts leaflike, 9–15 x 4–6 mm, margins pinnatifid to (rarely) 2-pinnatifid. Pedicels (2–) 8–13 mm, pubescent to glandular-pubescent. Flowers: calyx pubescent and/or glandular-pubescent, tube turbinate, 4–8 mm, lobes linear, sometimes narrowly lanceolate, 4–12 x 1–3 mm, margins crenate to pinnatifid; corolla-tube 17–32 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, lobes 8–16 x 5–13 mm; filaments 15–22 mm, ciliate; style 25–27 mm. Capsules ellipsoid, 10–13 x 5–6 mm, hispid. 2n = 28.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Sep.
Habitat: Roadsides, oak woods, pine barrens, clearings, dry, sandy soils.
Elevation: 10–900 m.

Distribution

Ont., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Species of Aureolaria typically parasitize oaks (Quercus spp.); two studies have documented A. pedicularia parasitizing non-oak species: Pinus taeda and Vaccinium arboreum (L. J. Musselman and H. E. Grelen 1979), and unidentified Ericaceae (C. R. Werth and J. L. Riopel 1979). In a study of seed coat morphology of Aureolaria and some related genera, A. pedicularia was documented to be the only species in the genus with unwinged seeds (J. M. Canne 1980). F. W. Pennell (1935) recognized five infraspecific taxa within A. pedicularia based on subtle characters (for example, stem distally closely pubescent, not or only slightly glandular, and leaves puberulent, scarcely or not glandular, versus stem distally glandular-pubescent to hirsute, and leaves glandular puberulent to pubescent). He recognized these infraspecific taxa at both the varietal and subspecific ranks (at different times). No infraspecific taxa are recognized here.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Aureolaria pedicularia"
Jeffery J. Morawetz +
(Linnaeus) Rafinesque ex Pennell +
Gerardia pedicularia +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
lanceolate +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
8mm;30mm +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
glandular-pubescent;pubescent +
turbinate +, campanulate +  and symmetric +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
ellipsoid +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Fernleaf yellow false foxglove +
1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br /> (3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br />) +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
Ont. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
10–900 m. +
ciliate +  and glabrous +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Roadsides, oak woods, pine barrens, clearings, dry, sandy soils. +
axillary +  and terminal +
deciduous +
cauline +  and basal +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
lanceolate +
5mm;13mm +
crenate +  and pinnatifid +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
pubescent;glandular-pubescent +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Flowering Jun–Sep. +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club +
300 +  and 500 +
ovoid +  and deltoid +
subequal +
branched +  and simple +
aerial +  and subterranean +
not fleshy +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
white-pubescent;glabrous +
Aureolaria pedicularia var. ambigens +, A. pedicularia var. austromontana +, A. pedicularia var. intercedens +, G. pedicularia var. ambigens +, G. pedicularia var. austromontana +  and G. pedicularia var. intercedens +
Aureolaria pedicularia +
Aureolaria +
species +
turbinate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
perennial +  and annual +