Barbula indica var. indica

Synonyms: Barbula cancellata Müller Hal. Barbula cruegeri Müller Hal.
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 533.

Leaves narrowly oval to elliptic, margins plane or weakly recurved at mid leaf. Specialized asexual reproduction by small, green, obovoid gemmae occurring in masses in distal leaf-axils, of several cells, 70–90 µm.


Habitat: Soil, clay, limestone, cement, walls
Elevation: low to moderate elevations (50-1000 m)

Distribution

V27 766-distribution-map.gif

N.W.T., Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Fla., Ga., Ill., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.Mex., N.C., Ohio, Okla., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Va., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Europe (Hungary), Asia, Africa, Pacific Islands (Hawaii), Australia

Discussion

Capsules of var. indica are rare in the flora area but mature in summer in Mexico. The gemmae are usually small and obovoid, but in some specimens are somewhat enlarged and branching. The typical variety is commonly fruiting; the seta is reddish, unlike that of Barbula convoluta, which is yellow. This species is often misidentified as B. unguiculata in the southeastern states, but viewed from the side, the abaxial costal papillae form rows across the costa, lined up as they are at both ends of epidermal cells. A hygrophylic variant may be confused with B. bolleana when incrusted with lime but its leaf cells are much smaller. The Alaskan station is clearly of this variety, though the prorulae are poorly developed, being replaced with dense simple to 2-fid papillae; the Northwest Territories specimen is more clearly of the standard morphotype.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
quadrate +  and elongate +
differentiated +
long-excurrent +  and short-excurrent +
apiculate +  and entire +
Richard H. Zander +
(Hooker) Sprengel in E. G. Steudel +
short;elongate +
semilunar +
papillose +  and smooth +
usually slightly wider +
usually ovate;oblong +
differentiated +
widened +
Tortula indica +
obovoid +
cucullate +
stegocarpous +
dioicous +  and sexual +
flat to bulging +
thin;evenly thickened +
elongate-rhomboid +  and elongate +
tomentose +  and bare +
ending 1-4 cells +  and percurrent +
rectangular +
quadrate;quadrate +
N.W.T. +, Ala. +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.Mex. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Va. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Europe (Hungary) +, Asia +, Africa +, Pacific Islands (Hawaii) +  and Australia +
low to moderate elevations (50-1000 m) +
differentiated +
multicellular +
Soil, clay, limestone, cement, walls +
yellow +  and orange-red or red +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
concave;keeled;channeled;ovoid;lanceolate or lingulate +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
narrowly oval +  and elliptic +
reduced +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
dentate +  and entire +
long-conic +
photosynthetic +
2 +  and 3 +
obtuse +  and broadly acute +
lateral +  and terminal +
lateral +  and terminal +
red +, orange +  and yellow +
consisting of 16 mostly 2 times cleft spiculose striate or papillose lanceolate teeth , , , , +  and rudimentary +
in E. G. Steudel, Nomencl. Bot. +
straight +
elongate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
2 +  and 1 +
yellowish orange +, yellow +  and laminal +
rounded-triangular +  and rounded-pentagonal +
short +  and elongate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Barbula cancellata +  and Barbula cruegeri +
Barbula indica var. indica +
Barbula indica +
variety +
ovate;long-cylindric +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
red +  and yellow +
thin +  and evenly thickened +
stemless +  and perigoniate +
yellowish-brown;reddish-brown +
plant +, forming cushions +  and cespitose +
occasionally smaller than the perichaetiate +