Bletia patula

Graham

Edinburgh New Philos. J. 21: 155. 1836.

Common names: Haitian pine-pink
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 603. Mentioned on page 492, 602.

Plants to 100 cm. Roots numerous, 1.5–3 mm diam. Stems pseudobulbs, ovoid to subglobose, 2–5 cm diam. Leaves: blade narrowly elliptic to narrowly oblanceolate, 25–75 × 1.5–4 cm, apex acuminate. Inflorescences 39–118 cm; floral bracts ovate-triangular to lanceolate, 1–3 mm, apex acute to acuminate. Flowers 5–22, pink to rosy purple, rarely entirely white; dorsal sepal elliptic-oblanceolate, 30–40 × 6–8 mm, apex acute to acuminate; lateral sepals similar but falcate; petals erect, oblongelliptic, 30–35 × 5–6 mm, thinner than sepals, apex obtuse; lip adnate to base of column, clawed, 3-lobed, 30–35 × 27–31 mm, middle lobe subquadrangular, flabellate, emarginate, margins crispate-undulate, lateral lobes erect, flanking column, rounded to subquadrangular, broadest distally; disc lamellae 5, middle 3 white; column clavate, 23–25 mm, column-foot absent; pedicellate ovary slender, 20–35 mm. Capsules pendulous, 3–4.5 cm × 8–10 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Mar–May.
Habitat: Pinelands
Elevation: 0–20 m

Distribution

V26 1230-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America

Discussion

Bletia patula was originally collected from Miami-Dade County, Florida, in 1947. The locality has since become part of the greater Miami area (C. A. Luer 1972), and the persistence of the populations is doubtful.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broadest" is not a number.No values specified.

... more about "Bletia patula"
self-pollination +
Obtuse (?) +, Acute (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
James D. Ackerman +
Graham +
indehiscent +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br /> (75 cm750 mm <br />0.75 m <br />) +
narrowly elliptic +  and narrowly oblanceolate +
1.5cm;4cm +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
23mm +  and 25mm +
Haitian pine-pink +
5 +  and 7 +
denticulate +
with 5-7 denticulate crests +  and lamellate +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and South America +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0–20 m +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
white +, pink +  and rosy purple +
Pinelands +
39 cm390 mm <br />0.39 m <br /> (118 cm1,180 mm <br />1.18 m <br />) +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
deciduous +
cauline +  and basal +
3 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
reduced +
attached +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
3-lobed +  and clawed +
larger +
2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br /> (3.1 cm31 mm <br />0.031 m <br />) +
crispate-undulate +
differing in form and color +
slender +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
3-80-flowered +, scapose +  and branched +
distinct +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
Flowering Mar–May. +
compressed +
mealy +, ceraceous +  and hard +
Edinburgh New Philos. J. +
3-80-flowered +  and scapose +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
aerial +  and subterranean +
minute +
distinct +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
4 +  and 2 +
branched +, or +  and simple +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
concave +  and convex +
Bletia patula +
species +
annual +  and perennial +
aquatic +, lithophytic +, terrestrial +  and epiphytic +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +