Bletia purpurea

(Lamarck) de Candolle

Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 97, 100. 1841.

Common names: Pine-pink purple bletia sharp-petaled bletia
Illustrated
Basionym: Limodorum purpureum Lamarck in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl. 3: 515. 1791
Synonyms: Bletia acutipetala Hooker Bletia havanensis Lindley Bletia verecunda (Salisbury) R. Brown Cymbidium verecundum (Salisbury) Swartz Gyas verecunda (Salisbury) Salisbury Limodorum trifidum Michaux Limodorum verecundum Salisbury Thiebautia nervosa Colla
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 602. Mentioned on page 601.

Plants to 180 cm. Roots numerous, 1–1.5 mm diam. Stems: pseudobulbs ovoid, 2–4 cm diam. Leaves: blade linear to narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, 20–100 × 1–5 cm, apex acuminate. Inflorescences 25–170 cm; floral bracts ovate-triangular to ovatelanceolate, 2–9 mm, apex acute to acuminate. Flowers 3–80, mostly pink, rosy purple, or deep purple, rarely almost white; sepals spreading; dorsal sepal oblongelliptic to ovatelanceolate, 15–26 × 5–9 mm, apex subobtuse to acute; lateral sepals obliquely ovate-oblong to elliptic-oblong, 12–20 × 5–8 mm, apex acute to acuminate; petals erect, forming hood over column, oblong-ovate to elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, 12–21 × 7–11 mm, apex obtuse to acute; lip adnate to column-foot, purple-veined with dark margin especially distally, cordate to ovate, 3-lobed, 10–18 × 8–14 mm, middle lobe recurved, suborbiculate, truncate to deeply emarginate, margins undulate-crenulate, lateral lobes incurved, base rounded, apex triangular-obtuse; disc lamellae yellow, 5–7; column white or greenish, clavate, 8–12 mm; column-foot present; pedicellate ovary slender, 9–18 mm. Capsules erect to suberect, 2–4.5 cm × 8–10 mm. 2n = 60 (as B. verecunda from Mexico).


Phenology: Flowering Dec–May, sporadically all year.
Habitat: Pinelands and hammocks, in humus over limestone, or in swamps on logs, stumps, or base of cypress trees above high water level
Elevation: 0–20 m

Distribution

V26 1229-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Bletia purpurea"
self-pollination +
James D. Ackerman +
(Lamarck) de Candolle +
rounded +
Limodorum purpureum +
indehiscent +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
linear +  and narrowly elliptic-lanceolate +
1cm;5cm +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
erect +  and suberect +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
greenish +  and white +
8mm +  and 12mm +
Pine-pink +, purple bletia +  and sharp-petaled bletia +
5 +  and 7 +
denticulate +
with 5-7 denticulate crests +  and lamellate +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and South America +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
0–20 m +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
white +, rosy purple +  and pink +
Pinelands and hammocks, in humus over limestone, or in swamps on logs, stumps, or base of cypress trees above high water level +
25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br /> (170 cm1,700 mm <br />1.7 m <br />) +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
obliquely ovate-oblong +  and elliptic-oblong +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
deciduous +
cauline +  and basal +
3 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
reduced +
purple-veined +
attached +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
3-lobed +, cordate +  and ovate +
larger +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
undulate-crenulate +
differing in form and color +
slender +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
3-80-flowered +, scapose +  and branched +
distinct +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
Flowering Dec–May, sporadically all year. +
compressed +
mealy +, ceraceous +  and hard +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève +
3-80-flowered +  and scapose +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
aerial +  and subterranean +
minute +
distinct +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
4 +  and 2 +
Illustrated +
branched +, or +  and simple +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
concave +  and convex +
Bletia acutipetala +, Bletia havanensis +, Bletia verecunda +, Cymbidium verecundum +, Gyas verecunda +, Limodorum trifidum +, Limodorum verecundum +  and Thiebautia nervosa +
Bletia purpurea +
species +
annual +  and perennial +
aquatic +, lithophytic +, terrestrial +  and epiphytic +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +