Borrichia frutescens

(Linnaeus) de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle

in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 5: 489. 1836.

Illustrated
Basionym: Buphthalmum frutescens Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 903. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 130.

Stems usually erect, sometimes decumbent or arching. Leaves (at least mid cauline) obovate or elliptic to oblanceolate, 4.5–8 (–11) × 1–3 cm, (petioles or blade bases usually with 1–2+ spine-tipped teeth) margins dentate to serrate (usually only proximal 1/3–1/2, rarely most of each margin), faces usually villous (longer hairs) and/or sericeous (shorter hairs), rarely glabrous. Heads borne singly (peduncles 2–6 cm). Involucres globose, 5–8 mm. Phyllaries 20–40 in 3–4 series (reflexed in fruit, outer shorter, apices spine-tipped, inner similar, spines spreading to erect, faces sericeous). Paleae: apices spine-tipped. Ray-florets 15–30; laminae 6–8 × 2.5–6 mm. Disc-florets 20–75; corollas 5–6.5 mm, lobes 1.75–2.5 mm. Cypselae 2.5–4 (–5) mm, 3–4-angled. 2n = usually 28, rarely 42 (2n = 3x).


Phenology: Flowering late spring–summer.
Habitat: Salt marsh communities, brackish backwaters, limestone rocky shores
Elevation: 0–10 m

Distribution

V21-318-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C., Tex., Va., Mexico, in West Indies, Bermuda

Discussion

Borrichia frutescens grows in salt marsh and brackish backwaters along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts from Virginia to the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, and inland along the Rio Grande Valley in Texas. It is found on limestone rocky shores in the Florida Keys. It is introduced in Bermuda, the Bahamas, and Cuba.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broader" is not a number.

... more about "Borrichia frutescens"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
connate +  and distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually ovate +  and lanceolate +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
John C. Semple +
(Linnaeus) de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle +
bristlelike +
coroniform +
cuneate +
Buphthalmum frutescens +
compound +  and simple +
ovate;obovate;ovate;obovate;oblanceolate;linear +
winged;ribbed;winged;ribbed +
tuberculate +  and rugose +
barbellulate +  and barbellate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
hairy +  and glabrous +
3-4-angled +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Mexico +, in West Indies +  and Bermuda +
0–10 m +
glabrous +, sericeous +  and villous +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Salt marsh communities, brackish backwaters, limestone rocky shores +
indeterminate +
homogamous +  and heterogamous +
each +  and sessile +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
2.5mm;6mm +
sessile +  and petiolate +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (11 cm110 mm <br />0.11 m <br />) +
4.5cm;8cm +
elliptic;oblanceolate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
lance-triangular +
dentate +  and serrate +
toothed +  and entire +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
cupular +  and coroniform +
Flowering late spring–summer. +
20 +  and 40 +
unequal +  and subequal +
in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
exalbuminous +
Illustrated +
arching +, decumbent +  and erect +
appendaged +  and truncate +
hirsutulous +  and glabrous +
papillate +
Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Enceliinae +, Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Engelmanniinae +, Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Spilanthinae +, Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Verbesininae +  and Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Zinniinae +
Borrichia frutescens +
Borrichia +
species +
cylindric +
shorter to longer than campanulate +
toothed +  and entire +
shrub +  and subshrub +