Bothriochloa bladhii

(Retz.) S.T. Blake
Common names: Australian bluestem
Introduced
Synonyms: Bothriochloa intermedia Andropogon intermedins Andropogon bladhii
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 25. Treatment on page 646.

Culms 40-90 (150) cm, usually erect; nodes glabrous or short hispid, with mostly appressed, less than 2 mm hairs. Leaves cauline; ligules 0.5-1.5 mm; blades (10) 20-35 (40) cm long, 1-4.5 (5.5) mm wide, mostly glabrous. Panicles 5-15 (24) cm, elliptic to lanceolate, reddish at maturity; rachises 6-12 (20) cm, with numerous branches; branches 3-7 cm, shorter than the rachises, erect to spreading during anthesis, with axillary pulvini, lower branches with multiple rames; rame internodes with darkened grooves, with sparse, about 1 mm marginal hairs. Sessile spikelets 3.5-4 mm, oblong-ovate; lower glumes glabrous or scabrous, with or without a dorsal pit; awns 10-17 mm, twisted, geniculate; anthers 1-2 mm. Pedicellate spikelets about the same size and shape as the sessile spikelets, or about 1/2 their size, staminate or sterile. 2n = 40, 60, 80.

Distribution

Kans., Nebr., Okla., Colo., N.Mex., Tex., La., Mo., Ohio, Pacific Islands (Hawaii), Fla.

Discussion

Bothriochloa bladhii grows along roadsides and in rangeland pastures, waste ground, and open disturbed areas, at 150-1800 m. It is native to subtropical Asia and Africa and was introduced to the Flora region as a forage grass. It is now established in the southern and central United States. A similar species, B. decipiens (Hack.) C.E. Hubb., has been grown at some experiment stations in the United States. It is not known to be established in North America. Bothriochloa decipiens differs from B. bladhii in having longer (4.7-5.3 mm) sessile spikelets and a single anther.

The Eastern Hemisphere species of Bothriochloa are thought to be closely related to Capillipedium and Dichanthium, largely because B. bladhii hybridizes with those genera as well as with B. ischaemum.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"decumbent" is not a number."elongated" is not a number.

... more about "Bothriochloa bladhii"
80 +, 60 +  and 40 +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
anatomy +  and kranz +
Kelly W. Allred +
(Retz.) S.T. Blake +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
geniculate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
keeled +  and rounded +
pseudopetiolate +  and branching +
divergent +  and parallel +
intravaginal +, extravaginal +, branching +  and basal +
swelling +
pseudopetiolate +
non-radiate +  and radiate +
well-developed +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (35 cm350 mm <br />0.35 m <br />) +
usually linear +  and lanceolate occasionally ovate +
reduced +
1mm;4.5mm +
erect;spreading +
spikelike +
flattened +, lanceolate +  and oblong +
Australian bluestem +
purple +  and reddish +
40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br /> (90 cm900 mm <br />0.9 m <br />) +
not woody +
Kans. +, Nebr. +, Okla. +, Colo. +, N.Mex. +, Tex. +, La. +, Mo. +, Ohio +, Pacific Islands (Hawaii) +  and Fla. +
capillary +
sometimes longer +
concealing +
compressed +  and terete +
shorter or longer +
subtending +
compressed +  and rounded +
unequal +
uncinate +
bracteate +  and ebracteate +
pedunculate +  and multiple-stalked +
axillary +  and subtending +
solid +  and hollow +
photosynthetic +
not aromatic +
coriaceous +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
membranous +
inconspicuous +
scabrous +  and glabrous +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
complex +  and simple +
concealed +  and prominent +
hispid +, short +  and glabrous +
0mm +  and 2mm +
sessile-pedicellate +
heterogamous +
24 cm240 mm <br />0.24 m <br /> (?) +
elliptic +  and lanceolate +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
fused +  and free +
dry +  and fleshy +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (?) +
elongate +
Introduced +
staminate +, pedicellate +  and sessile +
in triplets +  and paired +
well-developed +
oblong-ovate +
shape +  and 1/2 +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
fused +  and free +
2 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
dome--shaped +  and triangular +
Bothriochloa intermedia +, Andropogon intermedins +  and Andropogon bladhii +
Bothriochloa bladhii +
Bothriochloa +
species +
membranous +
sessile-pedicellate +
plant +  and cespitose +
aquatic +  and terrestrial +
dioecious +, monoecious +  and synoecious +