Brassia caudata

(Linnaeus) Lindley

Bot. Reg. 10: plate 832. 1824.

Illustrated
Basionym: Epidendrum caudatum Linnaeus Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1246. 1759
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 646.

Plants epiphytic, with prominent pseudobulbs, base covered by sheathing bracts, to 50 cm (exclusive of inflorescence). Leaves 1–2 with 1–3 foliaceous bracts; blade 12–40 × 2–8 cm, leathery. Inflorescences to 50 cm; bracts 0.5–1.3 cm. Flowers yellow to yellow-orange or yellow-green with redbrown spots on all perianth parts; sepals 30–200 × 3–6 mm, apex acuminate-setaceous; petals shorter than sepals, 14–37 × 3–5 mm, apex acuminate; lip yellow to yellow-green with several large redbrown spots near lip callus, ovatelanceolate, 14–27 × 8–14 mm, apex abruptly acuminate; callus of 2 pubescent lamellae, each with distal tooth; column yellow, 2 mm. Capsules 1–15 cm.


Phenology: Flowering winter–summer (Jan–Aug).
Habitat: Epiphytic in hammocks
Elevation: 0[–1000] m

Distribution

V26 1328-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, n South America

Discussion

This widespread species is extremely variable in the dimensions of the sepals and petals. Plants in collections from Florida are generally smaller than those from other parts of the range.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Brassia caudata"
self-pollination +
Mark W. Chase +
(Linnaeus) Lindley +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
Epidendrum caudatum +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
flattened +  and oblong-lanceolate +
2cm;8cm +
triangular +
2-lamellate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +  and 15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (?) +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and n South America +
0[–1000] m +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
redbrown spots +, yellow +  and yellow-orange or yellow-green +
not +  and resupinate +
Epiphytic in hammocks +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
1 (?) +  and 2 (?) +
reduced +
redbrown spots +, yellow +  and yellow-green +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
ovatelanceolate +
large +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
differing in form and color +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
free +  and distinct +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (3.7 cm37 mm <br />0.037 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Flowering winter–summer (Jan–Aug). +
aerial +  and subterranean +
not prominent +
minute +
free +  and distinct +
attenuate-caudate +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
branched +, or +  and simple +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
elongate +
reduced +
concave +  and convex +
Brassia caudata +
species +
annual +  and perennial +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +