Brickellia californica

(Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray

Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. 4: 64. 1849.

Basionym: Bulbostylis californica Torrey & A. Gray Fl. N. Amer. 2: 79. 1841
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 495. Mentioned on page 492, 502, 504.

Shrubs, 50–200 cm. Stems branched from near bases, glandular-pubescent. Leaves alternate; petioles 5–60+ mm; blades 3-nerved from bases, ovate to deltate, 10–100 × 10–90 mm, bases cordate to truncate, margins crenate to serrate, apices acute to rounded, faces puberulent to glabrate, often glanddotted. Heads borne in (leafy) paniculiform arrays. Peduncles 1–5 mm, glandular-pubescent. Involucres cylindric to obconic, 7–12 mm. Phyllaries 21–35 in 5–6 series, greenish, often purple-tinged, 3–4-striate, unequal, margins scarious; outer ovate to lanceovate (glabrous or sparsely glandular-pubescent, apices acute to acuminate), inner lanceolate (glabrous, apices obtuse to acuminate). Florets 8–12; corollas pale yellow-green, 5.5–8 mm. Cypselae 2.5–3.5 mm, puberulent; pappi of 24–30 white, barbellate bristles. 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Oct.
Habitat: Dry, rocky hillsides, arroyos, canyons
Elevation: 800–2700 m

Distribution

V21-1246-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Nev., N.Mex., Okla., Tex., Utah, Wyo.

Discussion

Floret number of 18 is reported for Brickellia californica in most floras; A. Cronquist (1994) noted that 18 is high by his count; he reported 12 as the maximum number for the specimens he sampled and that fits the specimens I have counted from Arizona.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"fine" is not a number.

... more about "Brickellia californica"
not tailed +, truncate +, rounded +  and obtuse +
scarious +
usually ovate +  and lanceolate +
usually terete +  and clavate +
paniculiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Randall W. Scott +
(Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray +
cordate +  and truncate +
enlarged +
Bulbostylis californica +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
dissected +, lobed +, toothed +  and entire +
ovate;deltate +
10mm;90mm +
papillate +  and rugose +
(4-)5-angled;10-ribbed +
pale yellow-green +
0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
prismatic +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, Okla. +, Tex. +, Utah +  and Wyo. +
800–2700 m +
puberulent +  and glabrate +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Dry, rocky hillsides, arroyos, canyons +
indeterminate +
each +  and sessile +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
cylindric;obconic +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
sessile +  and petiolate +
lanceolate +  and lance-linear +
entire +  and dentate +
crenate +  and serrate +
ovate +  and lanceovate +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
glandular-pubescent +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
Flowering Jul–Oct. +
21 +  and 35 +
Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
flat;convex +
exalbuminous +
appendaged +  and truncate +
hirsutulous +
papillate +
Compositae +
Brickellia californica +
Brickellia +
species +
cylindric +
perennial +  and annual +