Brodiaea stellaris

S. Watson

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 17: 381. 1882.

Common names: Star brodiaea star-flower cluster-lily
IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Hookera stellaris (S. Watson) Greene
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 327. Mentioned on page 322, 323.

Scape 2–6 cm, slender. Flowers 14–24 mm; perianth bluish purple, tube campanulate, 7–10 mm, transparent, not splitting in fruit, lobes ascending, recurved distally, 7–15 mm; filaments 1–3 mm, base not triangular, apex forked with 2 conspicuous, broad, white, abaxial appendages appearing as wings behind anthers; anthers linear, 4–6 mm, apex notched; staminodia erect, held close to stamens, white, broad, 4–8 mm, wide, margins 1/4 involute, apex widely notched; ovary 6–9 mm; style 4–5 mm; pedicel 1–5 cm. 2n = 12.


Phenology: Flowering spring (May–Jun).
Habitat: Openings in coastal forests, on serpentine
Elevation: 0–900 m

Discussion

Brodiaea stellaris is a serpentine endemic found in mixed evergreen and redwood forests in the North Coast Ranges of California. The white, glossy, forked appendages on the filaments of this species are very different from those found in B. appendiculata and B. californica and perhaps are not homologous. Also, the capsule is unique in the genus in that it does not split at maturity and is transparent. All other members of the genus have mature capsules that either split and are transparent, or do not split and are opaque.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thicker" is not a number.

... more about "Brodiaea stellaris"
cordate +  and linear +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Notched (?) +  and Forked (?) +
J. Chris Pires +
S. Watson +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
not triangular +
Hookera +
reticulate-veined +  and parallel-veined +
crescent--shaped +
sheathing +  and involucrate +
tunicate +  and scaly +
Star brodiaea +  and star-flower cluster-lily +
fibrous-coated +
0–900 m +
connate-coroniform +  and dilated +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
triangular +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
loculicidal +
membranaceous +  and leathery +
Openings in coastal forests, on serpentine +
bracteate +, open +  and umbellate +
paired +, paniculate +  and racemose +
persistent +
recurved +  and ascending +
narrower +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
alternating +  and opposite +
Flowering spring (May–Jun). +
Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts +
cylindrical +
slender +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
wind-distributed +
1 +  and many +
rounded +  and flattened +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
adnate +  and free +
epitepalous +
wide +  and broad +
1 +  and several +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Hookera stellaris +
Brodiaea stellaris +
Brodiaea +
species +
connate +  and distinct +
sepaloid +  and petaloid +
transparent +
campanulate +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
narrower +
3 +  and 2 +
24 +, 20 +, 18 +, 16 +, 12 +, 8 +  and 6 +