J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 12: 580. 1869,.

Etymology: Greek bryon, moss, and xiphium, sword, alluding to plant form
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 329. Mentioned on page 4, 330, 331.
Bryo Bryoxyphium norvegicum.jpegBryoxiphium norvegicumPatricia M. Eckel

Plants light green to brownish green, shiny. Stems with small, incrassate, pigmented epidermal-cells; exterior cortical cells similar to epidermal-cells; interior cortical cells larger, hyaline; central strand small. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, becoming apiculate to aristate distally, the distal, perigonial, and perichaetial leaves long-subulate; margin nearly entire, crenate-serrulate at apex; costa smooth, strong, ending in or near apex, or ending in subula of distal and gametoecial leaves; distal and medial laminal cells irregularly quadrate to irregularly oblong, outer and marginal laminal cells narrow and elongate, oblong at insertion, elongate in subula. Sporophytes rare. Spores smooth, or nearly so.


Widespread but disjunct, largely temperate Northern Hemisphere


Species 2 (1 in the flora).

Selected References


... more about "Bryoxiphium"
few +  and 1/2 +
Ronald A. Pursell +
Mitten +
pale rose-violet +  and pale tan +
cucullate +
inclined +  and erect +
subglobose +
Widespread but disjunct +  and largely temperate Northern Hemisphere +
incrassate +  and small +
Greek bryon, moss, and xiphium, sword, alluding to plant form +
1-stratose +  and firm-walled +
dioicous +  and sexual +
imbricate +  and distichous +
apiculate +  and aristate +
crenate-serrulate +  and entire +
rostellate +
J. Linn. Soc., Bot. +
light-brown;reddish +
spheric +
branched +  and unbranched +
not +  and bulblike +
pendent +  and erect +
Bryoxiphium +
Bryoxiphiaceae +
light green;brownish green +