Bulbophyllum

Thouars

Hist. Orchid., table 3. 1822.

Etymology: Greek bolbos, bulb, and phyllon, leaf, referring to its leafy pseudobulb
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 618. Mentioned on page 491, 496.

Herbs, epiphytic or lithophytic, sympodial. Roots velamentous, glabrous. Stems rhizomatous, covered by scarious sheaths; pseudobulbs often angled, ovoid, stout. Leaves conduplicate, articulate, thin to leathery. Inflorescences lateral from base of pseudobulb, spikes [racemes], erect to pendent, pedunculate, rachis swollen, fleshy. Flowers resupinate, sessile; dorsal sepal distinct and free; lateral sepals adnate to column-foot forming mentum; petals distinct and free, smaller than sepals; lip fleshy; column erect with aristate terminal teeth or wings; anther terminal, incumbent, operculate; pollinia 2 or 4, hard, waxy; stigma entire; ovary sessile [pedicellate]. Fruits capsules, beakless. x = 19, 20.

Distribution

Pantropical, mostly Asia and Africa

Discussion

Species 1000–1200 (1 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

"thin" is not a number.

... more about "Bulbophyllum"
self-pollination +
James D. Ackerman +
Thouars +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
flattened +, triangular +  and cylindric +
Pantropical +  and mostly Asia and Africa +
free +  and distinct +
Greek bolbos, bulb, and phyllon, leaf, referring to its leafy pseudobulb +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
leathery +
larger +
differing in form and color +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
free +  and distinct +
smaller +
ceraceous +  and hard +
ovoid +  and angled +
Hist. Orchid., table +
aerial +  and subterranean +
minute +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
erect +  and pendent +
rhizomatous +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
concave +  and convex +
Bulbophyllum +
Orchidaceae tribe Dendrobieae +
annual +  and perennial +
lithophytic +  and epiphytic +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +