Byrsonima lucida

(Miller) de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle

Prodr. 1: 580. 1824.

Common names: Locustberry
Illustrated
Basionym: Malpighia lucida Miller Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Malpighia no. 9. 1768
Synonyms: Byrsonima biflora Grisebach B. cuneata (Turczaninow) P. Wilson M. cuneata Turczaninow
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 357.
Please click on the illustration for a higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Karin Douthit

Copyright: University of Michigan

Shrubs or trees, 1–6 m. Leaves often clustered at tips of shoots; blade obovate, larger blades 20–30 × 9–19 (–24) mm, base cuneate or gradually narrowed, apex rounded or obtuse, surfaces very sparsely sericeous to soon glabrate. Inflorescences 2.5–5 cm, 6–10 (–16) -flowered. Pedicels straight in bud, somewhat decurved in fruit. Flowers: anthers glabrous, locules rounded at apex, connectives equaling or exceeding locules to 0.3 mm; ovary glabrous. Drupes 8–12 mm diam. (dried), ovoid to spheroid with short apical beak when immature, glabrous.


Phenology: Flowering most commonly Jan–Jun; fruiting Feb–Jul.
Habitat: Hammocks in dry rocky pinelands and sandy palm-pine woods.
Elevation: 0–10 m.

Distribution

V12 721-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., West Indies (Bahamas), West Indies (Greater Antilles), West Indies (Lesser Antilles), West Indies (Virgin Islands)

Discussion

Byrsonima lucida, native in the flora area only to Miami-Dade and Monroe counties, is widely cultivated in peninsular Florida as an ornamental shrub; it probably has little or no tolerance for frost or temperatures below freezing.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Byrsonima lucida"
subequal +
Obtuse (?) +  and Rounded (?) +
William R. Anderson† +
(Miller) de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle +
narrowed +  and cuneate +
Malpighia lucida +
obovate +
Locustberry +
exceeding locules +  and equaling +
Fla. +, West Indies (Bahamas) +, West Indies (Greater Antilles) +, West Indies (Lesser Antilles) +  and West Indies (Virgin Islands) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
ovoid +  and spheroid +
0–10 m. +
brownish +  and yellow +
multicellular +
Hammocks in dry rocky pinelands and sandy palm-pine woods. +
2-armed +  and unicellular +
submedifixed +  and medifixed +
6-10(-16)-flowered +
axillary +  and terminal +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br />) +
Red (?) +, Pink (?) +  and White (?) +
Flowering most commonly Jan–Jun +  and fruiting Feb–Jul. +
connate +  and distinct +
Illustrated +
free +, connate +  and distinct +
connate +  and distinct +
intrapetiolar +
distinct +
subulate +
slender +
glabrate +, sericeous to soon +  and sericeous +
Byrsonima biflora +, B. cuneata +  and M. cuneata +
Byrsonima lucida +
Byrsonima +
species +
Rugose (?) +  and Smooth (?) +
deciduous +, evergreen +  and perennial +
tree +  and shrub +