Calopogon multiflorus

Lindley

Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., 425. 1840.

Common names: Many-flowered grass-pink
Endemic
Synonyms: Calopogon barbatus var. multiflorus (Lindley) Correll Helleborine multiflora (Lindley) Kuntze Limodorum multiflorum (Lindley) C. Mohr Limodorum pinetorum Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 598. Mentioned on page 599, 600.

Plants 17–33 (–50) cm. Corms elongate, forked, 18–40 mm. Leaves: blade linear, 3–15 cm × 3–9 mm at flowering, later elongating to 6–41 cm. Inflorescences dark purple, becoming green after flowering, 17–33 (–50) cm; floral bracts ovate, ovatelanceolate, or subulate, 3–8 mm. Flowers 2–15, opening nearly simultaneously, crimson, magenta, to rarely light pink, strongly fragrant to pungent; dorsal sepal obovate to oblanceolate, 9–17 × 5–8 mm, apex acuminate; lateral sepals reflexed only at tip or straight, ovate to lanceolate, slightly falcate to straight, 10–13.5 × 6–9 mm; petals pandurate, rarely obovate, 8–14 × 4–8 mm, apex obtuse; lip 7–12 mm, middle lobe with dilated apex triangular, rounded to truncate, 7–13 mm wide; column 5.5–7.5 × 1–2 mm, distal end 5–7 mm wide; rostellum present. Capsules ellipsoid to obconic, 13–22 × 4–7 mm. 2n = 40, 42.


Phenology: Flowering Mar–Apr, rarely Nov–Aug (s Fla only), usually several weeks following fires.
Habitat: Sandy, relatively dry pine savannas and grasslands
Elevation: 0–60 m

Distribution

V26 1221-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C.

Discussion

Calopogon multiflorus is nearly extirpated outside of central Florida.

Distinctive features of Calopogon multiflorus are the purple rachis, forked corm, strong floral fragrance, pandurate petals, and a lip usually as wide or wider than long. Although previously considered to be a variety of Calopogon barbatus (D. S. Correll 1940), C. multiflorus is readily distinguished from that species and all other Calopogon species by its features. The biology of C. multiflorus has been discussed in detail by D. H. Goldman and S. L. Orzell (2000).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

No values specified.

... more about "Calopogon multiflorus"
green +  and crimson +
self-pollination +
Triangular (?) +, Dilated (?) +, Obtuse (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
Douglas H. Goldman +, Lawrence K. Magrath +  and Paul M. Catling +
Lindley +
indehiscent +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
elliptic-lanceolate +, lanceolate +  and linear +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (41 cm410 mm <br />0.41 m <br />) +
3mm;9mm +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
ellipsoid +  and obconic +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
persistent +
5.5mm +  and 7.5mm +
1mm +  and 2mm +
Many-flowered grass-pink +
Forked (?) +  and Elongate (?) +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +  and S.C. +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0–60 m +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
magenta +  and rarely light pink +
strongly fragrant +  and pungent +
not resupinate +
obconic;ellipsoid;obconic;ellipsoid;cylindric +
Sandy, relatively dry pine savannas and grasslands +
scapose +  and 1-25-flowered +
green;dark purple +
lateral +  and terminal +
rounded +  and triangular +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.35 cm13.5 mm <br />0.0135 m <br />) +
falcate +, ovate +  and lanceolate +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
3-lobed +
larger +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
differing in form and color +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Flowering Mar–Apr, rarely Nov–Aug (s Fla only), usually several weeks following fires. +
orange +  and magenta +
filiform +  and clavellate +
Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., +
aerial +  and subterranean +
0.5mm +  and 2mm +
minute +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
branched +, or +  and simple +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
concave +  and convex +
Calopogon barbatus var. multiflorus +, Helleborine multiflora +, Limodorum multiflorum +  and Limodorum pinetorum +
Calopogon multiflorus +
Calopogon +
species +
sympodial +  and scapose +
aquatic +, lithophytic +, terrestrial +  and epiphytic +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +