Campylocentrum

Bentham

J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 18: 337. 1881.

Etymology: Greek kampylos, crooked, and kentros, spur, alluding to the floral lip with a long, slender, sharply curved spur
Basionym: Todaroa A. Richard & Galeotti Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 3: 28. 1845,
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 619. Mentioned on page 494, 621, 622.

Herbs, epiphytic, monopodial. Roots velamentous, glabrous. Stems rhizomatous, very reduced [elongate]. Leaves early deciduous (“leafless species”), articulate, minute [persistent, distichous, leathery]. Inflorescences axillary, spikes [racemes], often secund. Flowers more than 12, distichous, resupinate [not resupinate], small to minute; sepals and petals connivent with spreading apices, distinct; lip distinct and free, basally spurred, margins entire or lobed; column very short; clinandrium prominent, truncate; anther terminal, operculate; pollinia 2, globose, waxy, hard, attached to 1 or 2 filiform stipes; stigma entire; rostellum deeply notched; ovary sessile [pedicellate]. Fruits capsules.

Distribution

North America, Mexico, West Indies, Central America, tropical South America

Discussion

Species 40–45 (1 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

... more about "Campylocentrum"
self-pollination +
James D. Ackerman +
Bentham +
Todaroa +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
flattened +, triangular +  and cylindric +
North America +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and tropical South America +
Greek kampylos, crooked, and kentros, spur, alluding to the floral lip with a long, slender, sharply curved spur +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
small +  and minute +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
deciduous +
cauline +  and basal +
minute +
free +  and distinct +
larger +
lobed +  and entire +
differing in form and color +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
distinct +
hard +  and ceraceous +
J. Linn. Soc., Bot. +
aerial +  and subterranean +
minute +
distinct +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
rhizomatous +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
reduced +
concave +  and convex +
Campylocentrum +
Orchidaceae tribe Vandeae +
annual +  and perennial +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +