Campylopodiella flagellacea

(Müller Hal.) Frahm & Isoviita

Taxon 37: 968. 1988,.

Basionym: Dicranum flagellaceum Müller Hal. Syn. Musc. Frond. 2: 597. 1851
Synonyms: Atractylocarpus flagellaceus (Müller Hal.) Williams
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 365.

Plants erect, yellowish green, in tufts. Stems 3–15 mm, radiculose. Leaves erect-patent when wet, appressed when dry, 1.8–2.3 mm, 5–8 times as long as wide, lanceolate, gradually contracted, margins entire, only slightly denticulate at the extreme apex; costa filling 1/2–2/3 of the leaf base, 155 µm wide and indistinctly delimited at base, filling most parts of the leaf apex, excurrent, in transverse-section with large adaxial and abaxial hyalocysts, a median band of stereids and 2–4 stereids adaxially; alar cells hyaline or brownish, often 2-stratose, slightly inflated; basal laminal cells in about 6 rows, rectangular, 15–40 × 10–16 µm, narrower at margins; distal laminal cells rectangular, 13–30 × 4–12 µm.


Habitat: Soil, earth covered rocks, bases of trees, moderate elevations (300-500 m)

Distribution

V27 510-distribution-map.gif

Calif., Mexico, Central America, South America (Andes)

Discussion

Sporophytes of Campylopodiella flagellacea have been found only once, in South America. The only North American record was collected on a seeping roadside rock in Trinity County (Shevock 17741, BONN). That specimen differs from Central American specimens in its more compact tufts and the lack of flagelliferous branches. The species was earlier regarded as a sterile flagelliferous expression of C. stenocarpa by M. Padberg and J.-P. Frahm (1985), but later was treated as separate by Frahm (1991). It differs from C. stenocarpa in its sterile condition, shorter leaves, narrower lamina, and more distinct alar cells.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
persistent +  and deciduous +
Jan-Peter Frahm +
(Müller Hal.) Frahm & Isoviita +
short to long +
narrower;10um;16um +
Dicranum flagellaceum +
microphyllous +
pseudomonoicous +, dioicous +, autoicous +  and sexual +
reproduction +  and asexual +
entire +, fimbriate +  and cucullate +
elliptic +  and cylindric +
brownish +  and hyaline +
papillose +  and mammillose +
inflated +
1/2 +  and 2/3 +
Calif. +, Mexico +, Central America +  and South America (Andes) +
Soil, earth covered rocks, bases of trees, moderate elevations (300-500 m) +
dioicous +  and sexual +
falcate-secund +
lanceolate +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
denticulate +
long-rostrate +
nonpitted +  and pitted +
toothed +  and forked +
pitted-striolate +
papillose +  and striolate +
undifferentiated +
brownish;yellowish +
flexuose +  and straight +
cygneous +  and elongate +
spheric +
simple or;dichotomously irregularly branched +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
superficial +
Atractylocarpus flagellaceus +
Campylopodiella flagellacea +
Campylopodiella +
species +
deciduous +
lanceolate +
loose;compact +