Campylopus pyriformis

(Schultz) Bridel

Bryol. Univ. 1: 471. 1826,.

Basionyms: Dicranum pyriforme Schultz Prodr. Fl. Starg. Suppl., 73. 1819
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 372. Mentioned on page 368, 369.

Plants 3 mm, gregarious or in loose, low tufts, forming low rosettes, appearing stemless, light to olive green. Leaves 3 mm, erect-patent, flexuose when dry, from lanceolate base gradually contracted into a long, fine, straight, concolorous, distinctly canaliculate subula; margins serrate in the distal part of the leaves; alar cells scarcely differentiated; basal laminal cells hyaline, thin-walled, rectangular; distal laminal cells thick-walled, rectangular, ca. 4: 1; costa filling 1/2–2/3 of leaf width, excurrent, in transverse-section with large, empty, adaxial hyalocysts and abaxial groups of stereids, abaxially smooth. Specialized asexual reproduction by colorless, multicellular, long-cylindric rhizoidal tubers, 300–700 µm long, deciduous leaves and small brood leaves produced at stem tips. Sporophytes not present in North America.


Habitat: Bare soil, also base of trees and old pine stumps in wet acid meadows and swamp forests
Elevation: 0-50 m

Distribution

Fla., La., Miss., s South America (Argentina), s South America (Brazil), s South America (Chile), w Europe, Asia (China), c, s Africa, Atlantic Islands (Azores), Atlantic Islands (s Iceland), Atlantic Islands (Madiera), Pacific Islands (New Caledonia), Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Australia

Discussion

The description above refers to North American plants of Campylopus pyriformis—specimens from other parts of its range have a somewhat different appearance. This species was first recorded for North America (T. Arts and J.-P. Frahm 1990) based on collections made by W. D. Reese. The occurrence in North America at only three localities in Louisiana and Mississippi, and an additional unpublished record from Florida, can perhaps be explained by introduction facilitated by the presence of rhizoidal tubers. It may therefore be doubted whether this species is native in North America. However, the small form found in the United States resembles a form occurring in Brazil in similar habitats, from which area it may have been introduced by birds. Similar disjunctions between Brazil and southeast North America are also found in C. surinamensis, C. carolinae and C. angustiretis, which all conspicuously grow together on bare, acid, white sand. Campylopus pyriformis was also found mixed with C. surinamensis, but can be distinguished by the more elongate, narrowly lanceolate leaves with a channelled apex, a long-excurrent nerve and a lamina ending at mid leaf and colorless rhizoidal tubers instead of the reddish or reddish brown ones as in C. surinamensis.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"um" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Campylopus pyriformis"
dioicous +  and sexual +
lamellose +  and ridged +
not dehiscent +
persistent +  and deciduous +
Jan-Peter Frahm +
(Schultz) Bridel +
short to long +
lanceolate +
broader +
Dicranum pyriforme +
microphyllous +
reproduction +  and asexual +
pseudolateral +
entire +  and ciliate +
cucullate +
asymmetric +  and symmetric +
non-stereid +
reddish-brown +  and hyaline +
papillose +  and mammillose +
inflated +
differentiated +
twisted +  and sinuose +
percurrent;excurrent +
excurrent +
Fla. +, La. +, Miss. +, s South America (Argentina) +, s South America (Brazil) +, s South America (Chile) +, w Europe +, Asia (China) +, c +, s Africa +, Atlantic Islands (Azores) +, Atlantic Islands (s Iceland) +, Atlantic Islands (Madiera) +, Pacific Islands (New Caledonia) +, Pacific Islands (New Zealand) +  and Australia +
0-50 m +
Bare soil, also base of trees and old pine stumps in wet acid meadows and swamp forests +
microphyllous +  and foliate +
falcate-secund +
flexuose +
deciduous +
300um;700um +
lanceolate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
nonpitted +  and pitted +
toothed +  and forked +
pitted-striolate +
papillose +  and striolate +
hyaline +, orange and horizontally striate +  and reddish +
undifferentiated +
Bryol. Univ. +
long-cylindric +
cygneous +  and elongate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
spheric +
superficial +
canaliculate +
Campylopus pyriformis +
Campylopus +
species +
straight +
deciduous +
denticulate +
whitish +, reddish +  and dense +
lanceolate +
multicellular +
long-cylindric +
light +  and olive green +
plant +, in loose , low tufts +  and gregarious +