Canella winterana

(Linnaeus) Gaertner

Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 373, plate 77, fig. 2. 1788.

Common names: Canella wild-cinnamon cinnamon-bark
Illustrated
Basionym: Laurus winteriana Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 371. 1753
Synonyms: Canella alba Murray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Leaf-blade 5-15 × 2-5cm, apex rounded or blunt; abaxial surface pellucid-dotted. Flowers ca. 7 mm diam., pedicel short; sepals green, 2-3 mm, fleshy; petals deep red to magenta, basally light red to yellow, 4.5-6 mm, thick and fleshy; anthers light red, becoming yellow at anthesis; stigma yellow. Seeds 1-5, black. 2n=28. [P. Goldblatt 1976]


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (mid-May–Jul).
Habitat: Coastal thickets, hammocks, commonly found on limestone or calcareous soils
Elevation: 0-3 m

Distribution

V3 866-distribution-map.gif

Fla., West Indies, ne South America

Discussion

Although flowers of Canella winteriana are bisexual and protogynous (with the gynoecium of each flower functionally mature before the androecium), they are functionally unisexual, because normally all flowers on a plant are at the same stage (either male or female) at any given time (T. K. Wilson 1986). Canella winteriana is locally abundant in some areas, but with the clearing and development of the Florida Keys, it is becoming less common except in protected areas, such as Everglades National Park. Nurseries in extreme southern Florida occasionally market canella. It is an attractive, small- to medium-sized, very slow-growing tree.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thick" is not a number."thick" is not a number.

... more about "Canella winterana"
dark purple +  and green through red +
yellow +  and light red +
Blunt (?) +  and Rounded (?) +
Thomas K. Wilson +
(Linnaeus) Gaertner +
whitish gray +
Laurus winteriana +
Canella +, wild-cinnamon +  and cinnamon-bark +
pedunculate +
Fla. +, West Indies +  and ne South America +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (?) +
protogynous +  and bisexual +
Coastal thickets, hammocks, commonly found on limestone or calcareous soils +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +  and 5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (?) +
inconspicuous +, conspicuous +  and pellucid dots +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–summer (mid-May–Jul). +
2-6-carpellate +
flask--shaped +
homogeneous +
Fruct. Sem. Pl. +
not arillate +
persistent +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
hypogynous +
Canella alba +
Canella winterana +
species +
protruding +