Cardamine rupicola

(O. E. Schulz) C. L. Hitchcock in C. L. Hitchcock et al.

in C. L. Hitchcock et al., Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N.W. 2: 474. 1964.

Endemic
Basionyms: Cardamine californica var. rupicola O. E. Schulz Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 388. 1903
Synonyms: Dentaria rupicola (O. E. Schulz) Rydberg
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 483. Mentioned on page 467, 484.

Perennials; glabrous throughout. Rhizomes cylindrical, slender, 1–2 mm diam. Stems erect or decumbent at base, unbranched, 0.6–2 dm. Rhizomal leaves palmately or subpalmately compound, 3 or 5 (or 7) -foliolate, 5.5–17 (–22) cm, (fleshy), petiolate, leaflets petiolulate or subsessile; petiole 4–14 (–17) cm; lateral leaflets subsessile, blade similar to terminal, sometimes smaller; terminal leaflet (petiolule 0.1–0.5 cm), blade ovate to lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, 1–3 cm × 6–17 mm, base cuneate or obtuse, margins entire, (apiculate). Cauline leaves 2 or 3, 3 or 5-foliolate, petiolate, leaflets petiolulate or sessile; petiole 0.7–4 (–8) cm, base not auriculate; lateral leaflets sessile, blade similar to terminal, smaller; terminal leaflet petiolulate (0.1–0.5 cm), blade elliptic to oblong, or ovate, 1.2–3.5 cm × 4–25 mm, margins entire. Racemes ebracteate. Fruiting pedicels ascending to divaricate, 6–18 mm. Flowers: sepals oblong, 3–5 × 1.5–2 mm, lateral pair saccate basally; petals white, obovate, 8–14 × 4–7 mm, (short-clawed, apex rounded or subemarginate); filaments: median pairs 4–5 mm, lateral pair 2.5–3.5 mm; anthers oblong, 1–1.2 mm. Fruits linear, 2–4 cm × 1.5–2.2 mm; ovules 10–14 per ovary; style 1–5 mm. Seeds brown, oblong, 1.8–2.2 × 1.2–1.5 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Aug.
Habitat: Limestone talus slopes, loose limey shale, moist banks
Elevation: 2200-2700 m

Discussion

Cardamine rupicola is known from Flathead, Lewis and Clarke, and Missoula counties.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"equal" is not a number."elongated" is not a number."thick" is not a number."dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Cardamine rupicola"
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz +, Karol Marhold +  and Judita Lihová +
(O. E. Schulz) C. L. Hitchcock in C. L. Hitchcock et al. +
not auriculate +, obtuse +  and cuneate +
Cardamine californica var. rupicola +
appendaged +  and unappendaged +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
compound +  and trifoliolate +
lobed +, 1-3-pinnatisect +, toothed +  and entire +
elliptic;oblong or ovate +
smaller +
4mm;25mm +
urceolate +, campanulate +  and tubular +
branched +  and simple +
petiolate +  and 5-foliolate +
well-developed +
distinct +
differentiated +
emarginate +  and entire +
2200-2700 m +
straight +  and curved +
not winged +  and unappendaged +
connate +  and distinct +
lateral +  and median +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
actinomorphic +
not basally +  and saccate +
lilac;purple;lilac;purple;pink;white +
ascending +, spreading +  and erect +
Oblanceolate (?) +, Spatulate (?) +, Obovate (?) +, Oblong (?) +  and Ovate (?) +
latiseptate +  and unsegmented +
angustiseptate +, 4-angled +  and terete +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br />) +
latiseptate +  and sessile +
torulose +, lanceolate +, oblong +  and linear +
Limestone talus slopes, loose limey shale, moist banks +
semiannular +  and annular +
sessile +  and subsessile +
compound +, pinnately +, trifoliolate +  and simple +
alternate +, not +  and rosulate +
basal +  and cauline +
sessile +, petiolulate +  and subsessile +
connate +  and distinct +
decurrent +
lobed;dentate;lobed;dentate +
tenuinucellate +, crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +  and anatropous +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
rudimentary +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Flowering Jul–Aug. +
trinucleate +  and 3(-11)-colpate +
in C. L. Hitchcock et al., Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N.W. +
elongated +
stout +  and slender +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
flattened +
petiolate +, 5-foliolate +  and compound +
17 cm170 mm <br />0.17 m <br /> (22 cm220 mm <br />0.22 m <br />) +
5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br /> (17 cm170 mm <br />0.17 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
cylindrical +
not +  and mucilaginous +
winged +  and margined +
uniseriate +  and biseriate +
not +  and mucilaginous +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br />) +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
persistent +  and caducous +
distinct +
erect +  and spreading or ascending +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
reduced +
latiseptate +  and unsegmented +
angustiseptate +, 4-angled +  and terete +
latiseptate +  and unsegmented +
angustiseptate +, 4-angled +  and terete +
tetradynamous +
procumbent +  and decumbent +
prostrate +  and decumbent +
decumbent +  and erect +
2-lobed +, entire +, conical +  and capitate +
subsessile +, sessile +  and petiolate +
persistent +
distinct +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Dentaria rupicola +
Cardamine rupicola +
Cardamine +
species +
scale-like +  and forked +
pubescent +, , +  and glabrous +
anastomosing +
rhizomatous +, taprooted +, scapose +  and not +
perennial +, biennial +  and annual +
subshrub +  and herb +
aquatics +  and terrestrial +
glabrous +  and pubescent +