Carlina

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 828. 1753.

,

Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 360. 1754.

Common names: Carline-thistle
Etymology: For Charles V, 1500–1558, Holy Roman Emperor
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 84. Mentioned on page 28, 83.

Biennials [annuals or perennials, shrubs, or dwarf trees], 10–80 cm, herbage spiny. Stems erect or spreading, simple to branched distally or throughout, branches ascending to spreading. Leaves basal and cauline [all cauline]; petiolate or sessile; blade margins dentate to pinnately lobed, ± spiny, faces ± tomentose or glabrate. Heads discoid, borne singly or in corymbiform arrays. Involucres hemispheric to campanulate. Phyllaries many in several series, outer ovate to lanceolate, bases appressed; (at least outer ± leaflike); middle smaller, scarious, margins spiny-dentate or lobed, apical appendages spine-tipped, inner apices spreading, membranous, white to stramineous, raylike, entire. Receptacles flat to conic, epaleaete scaly or bristly (each floret surrounded by ± connate, membranous scales dissected into linear lobes). Florets many; corollas yellow to maroon, tubular-funnelform, lobes triangular; anther bases tailed, linear-oblong, apical appendages acute; style-branches: fused portions ca. 0.5 mm, with basal nodes glabrous or minutely hairy, distally puberulent, distinct portions tapered, not or scarcely separating. Cypselae cylindric to fusiform, not ribbed, without apical rim, hairy with forked, 2-celled hairs, attachment scars basal-oblique; pappi readily falling, of many persistent bristles in 1 series, basally connate in groups of 3–10, plumose. x = 9, 10.

Distribution

Introduced; Eurasia, Mediterranean region, Macaronesia

Discussion

Species 28 (1 in the flora).

Lower Taxa

"fine" is not a number.

... more about "Carlina"
linear-oblong +  and tailed +
scarious +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
David J. Keil +
Linnaeus +
hairy +  and glabrous +
decurrent +
Asteraceae tribe Cynareae +
compound +  and simple +
dentate +  and pinnately lobed +
10-nerved or 20-nerved +  and rugose +
ascending;spreading +
Carline-thistle +
actinomorphic +
yellow +  and maroon +
cylindric +  and fusiform +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Eurasia +, Mediterranean region +  and Macaronesia +
For Charles V, 1500–1558, Holy Roman Emperor +
glabrate +  and tomentose +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
in corymbiform arrays +  and singly +
indeterminate +
each +  and sessile +
hemispheric;campanulate +
sessile +  and petiolate +
cauline +  and basal +
triangular +
entire +  and dentate +
lobed +  and spiny-dentate +
ovate +  and lanceolate +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
papillate +  and smooth +
distinct +  and fused +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
Sp. Pl. +  and Gen. Pl. ed. +
1753 +  and 1754 +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
meusel1990a +, meusel1994a +  and meusel1996a +
exalbuminous +
simple +  and branched +
spreading +  and erect +
appendaged +  and truncate +
dilated +  and swollen +
enlarged +
Compositae +
Carlina +
Asteraceae tribe Cardueae +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (80 cm800 mm <br />0.8 m <br />) +
tree +, vine +, shrub +  and subshrub +